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These dogs with two or more obvious clinical signs of leishmaniosis such as weight loss (16/20), lymphadenopathy (8/20), fever, epistaxis (4/20), fatigue, conjunctivitis (14/20), dermatitis, hair loss, mouth and skin ulcers, onychogryphosis. After clinical examination, the animal with two or more obvious symptoms of the disease was considered as clinical positive and investigated further parasitological analysis to VL.
The incubation period varies from three months to several years in dogs, where skin lesions, ulcers, cachexia, peeling, onychogryphosis, alopecia, apathy and locomotion problems can be observed.
Haim-Munk syndrome It is a rare autosomal recessive genodermatosis characterized by palmoplantar hyperkeratosis, onychogryphosis, arachnodactyly and acroosteolysis.
In the canine survey, five (5.4%) dogs showed clinical signs suggestive of CVL, such as weight loss, alopecia and onychogryphosis, and were positive in all serological tests, while 87 (94.6%) were asymptomatic.
It can clinically resemble other diseases involving the nails like psoriasis and lichen planus, onychogryphosis and nail trauma3.
The use of high speed nail drills in podiatric practice for the reduction of thickened toenails (onychogryphosis, onychauxis and onychomycosis) is generally accepted.
Characteristic glove and stocking like hyperkeratotic (transgradience) with sharp margin hyperkeratotic plaques on the knee and ankles, slow progressive without remission, sclerodactyly, knuckle pads, hyperkeratotic plaques on the lips and onychogryphosis.
Furthermore, nails may be thickened, discolored, and dystrophic for reasons other than mycotic infection--as is common, for example, in elderly patients who have age-related changes in the nails or onychogryphosis, or even in patients with inflammatory disorders such as psoriasis.
Furthermore, nails may he thickened, discolored, and dystrophic for reasons other than mycotic infection--as is common, for example, in elderly patients who have age-related changes in the nails or onychogryphosis, or even in patients with inflammatory disorders such as psoriasis.
Dogs can also be severely affected by the infection, and canine leishmaniosis (CanL) can present as a systemic disease with as main clinical manifestations lymphadenopathy, dermatitis, alopecia, cutaneous ulcerations, onychogryphosis, lameness, anorexia, weight loss, cachexia, ocular lesions, epistaxis, anaemia, diarrhoea, and renal failure .
It is characterized clinically by palmo-plantar keratoderma (PPK), aggressive early onset of periodontitis, onychogryphosis, arachnodactyly, acroosteolysis and pes planus.
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- ontological argument
- onus probandi
- onward motion
- onyx marble
- O-O line
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- onychia maligna
- onychia sicca
- Onychomycosis Disease-Specific Questionnaire