Possible origin of the ophiolites
of Eastern Desert, Egypt, from geochemical perspectives.
The sandstones formed as results of Ophiolites
our cehave high concentrations of Cr in relation to over other ferromagnesian elements (see e.
2013a), as evidenced by the existence of discontinuous exposures of the Cenomanian-Turonian suprasubduction zone ophiolites
Over the years, scientists analyzed seismic waves used to probe into the seafloor, or they examined segments of seafloor, called ophiolites
, that had been thrust up onto land by tectonic forces.
Some finds were made in Fms beneath ophiolites
in Amanus, on both sides of the Levant Fracture called Kara Su Valley.
Half a kilometre further west along the dirt track is exposed a far greater thickness of the Qahlah Formation overlying the ophiolites
To understand these systems in the deep geological past it is necessary to work on ancient examples of detachment faults in ophiolites
, slices of oceanic lithosphere that have been emplaced tectonically onto continental margins and which expose ocean floor structures in 3-D.
are rare sequences of rocks formed when tectonic forces pushed upward a section of the Earth's upper mantle, oceanic crust and overlying sediments.
As regards the bulk of the ophiolites
rocks are composed of mafic and ultramafic rocks.
The rock lithology varies from Permian to Upper Cretaceous-fractured Hawasina Complex and Semail Ophiolites
in Masfut, Quaternary eolian sand in Manama and Quaternary sand dunes in Ajman city.
To discuss future scientific cooperation, Professor Cloetingh has been invited by the AGEO department and the Department of Geosciences of RWTH chen University, who have also organised a one week field trip around the north of Oman including a large number of sites of geological interest, such as the exposed crust/mantle transition and the ophiolites
in Wadi Al Abbyad, carbonate sequences and source rocks and the uplifted coastal terraces along the Omani coastline, an area that is currently part of a tsunami research project conducted by Prof.
Springs also constitute a surface water resource, with the majority being located in mountainous areas, discharging their water from two major geological formation -- Al Hajar limestones and the ophiolites