opportunistic infection

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Related to Opportunistic disease: opportunistic infection, Opportunistic pathogen

opportunistic infection

n.
An infection by a microorganism or virus that normally does not cause disease but becomes pathogenic when the body's immune system is impaired, as in AIDS patients.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.opportunistic infection - any infection caused by a microorganism that does not normally cause disease in humans; occurs in persons with abnormally functioning immune systems (as AIDS patients or transplant patients receiving immunosuppressive drugs)
infection - the pathological state resulting from the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms
aspergillosis - an opportunistic infection by a fungus of the genus Aspergillus; characterized by inflammation and lesions of the ear and other organs
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
maladie opportuniste
References in periodicals archive ?
Patients experiencing morbidity from opportunistic diseases may have interruptions in antiretroviral therapy (ART) causing more rapid progression of HIV disease.
PCR for Leishmania Viannia Positive Negative P CD4 T cells [micro]L > 350 8 102 0.7799 [less than or 5 54 equal to] 350 Opportunistic disease Yes 10 88 0.3812 No 3 68 Anti-retroviral therapy Yes 9 110 0.9225 No 4 46 Residential environment Urban 13 147 0.8047 Rural 0 9 Previous ACL history Yes 0 4 0.7150 No 13 152 Protease Inhibitors Yes 6 47 0.2315 No 7 109 Tattoo/piercing Yes 1 29 0.3232 No 12 127 Injectable drugs Yes 0 21 0.3290 No 13 135 Table 2.
For example, the rate per 100 person-years of opportunistic disease or death among those who reinitiated treatment was 2.1, compared with 1.4 for the suppression group.
"The decline was steeper for opportunistic disease events, but nonopportunistic disease became at least as significant if not more so at higher CD4 levels," Dr.
Results stratified by use of antiretroviral (b) and/or PCP prophylaxis Chaisson, 1992, American Patient inclusion criteria: patients review of respiratory with AIDS diagnoses defined by PCP, an disease opportunistic disease other than PCP and CD4 < 250 cells/[mm.sup.3], or AIDS related complex and CD4 < 250 cells/ [mm.sup.3]; Disease definition: not clearly stated, likely considers only the first episodes after cohort enrollment Yazdanpanah, 2001, Patient exclusion criteria: patients in International Journal use of antiretroviral therapy other than of Epidemiology zidovudine monotheray and prophylaxis; patients with less than 3 CD4 counts; excluded patients with prior MAC diagnosis or with MAC diagnosis in the first cohort visit and those in use of MAC prophylaxis.
* Even though HAART does facilitate partial immune reconstitution, the CD4 T cell nadir influences risk of opportunistic disease.
Attili et al (23) noted tuberculosis was the commonest opportunistic disease and found in 68% of cases.
Opportunistic disease (infection): a disease or infection caused by an organism that is usually harmless but becomes activated when a person's immune system is weakened or damaged.
This article reviews the characteristics of systemic NHL in persons with HIV infection and the impact of potent antiretroviral therapy on this opportunistic disease.
Rates of opportunistic disease per 100 person-years of observation also fell, from 23 in 1996 to 8 in 2000 and 6 in 2002.
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a common co-infection in HIV+ people and can lead to serious and even fatal opportunistic disease of the eye, colon, esophagus, and brain.