oral

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oral

spoken: an oral history; an oral exam; pertaining to the mouth: the oral cavity
Not to be confused with:
aural – pertaining to an aura; pertaining to the ear or the sense of hearing

oral

spoken rather than written: oral exam; relating to the mouth: oral cavity
Not to be confused with:
verbal – relating to words: verbal ability; using words alone without action: verbal imagery; literal: a verbal translation
Abused, Confused, & Misused Words by Mary Embree Copyright © 2007, 2013 by Mary Embree

O·ral

 (ôr′əl) or U·ralsk (yo͝o-rălsk′, o͞o-rälsk′)
A city of northwest Kazakhstan on the Ural River south-southeast of Samara, Russia. Founded by Cossacks c. 1622, it is a processing and manufacturing center.

o·ral

 (ôr′əl)
adj.
1. Spoken rather than written.
2. Of or relating to the mouth: oral surgery.
3. Used in or taken through the mouth: an oral thermometer; an oral vaccine.
4. Consisting of or using speech: oral instruction.
5. Linguistics Articulated through the mouth only, with the nasal passages closed.
6. Psychology Of or relating to the first stage of psychosexual development in psychoanalytic theory, from birth to about 18 months, during which the mouth is the chief focus of exploration and pleasure. The oral stage is followed by the anal stage.
n. often orals
An academic examination in which questions and answers are spoken rather than written.

[Late Latin ōrālis, from Latin ōs, ōr-, mouth; see ōs- in Indo-European roots.]

o′ral·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

oral

(ˈɔːrəl; ˈɒrəl)
adj
1. spoken or verbal: an oral agreement.
2. (Medicine) relating to, affecting, or for use in the mouth: an oral thermometer.
3. (Zoology) of or relating to the surface of an animal, such as a jellyfish, on which the mouth is situated
4. (Medicine) denoting a drug to be taken by mouth: an oral contraceptive. Compare parenteral
5. of, relating to, or using spoken words
6. (Phonetics & Phonology) phonetics pronounced with the soft palate in a raised position completely closing the nasal cavity and allowing air to pass out only through the mouth
7. (Psychoanalysis) psychoanal
a. relating to a stage of psychosexual development during which the child's interest is concentrated on the mouth
b. denoting personality traits, such as dependence, selfishness, and aggression, resulting from fixation at the oral stage. Compare anal2, genital2, phallic2
n
(Education) an examination in which the questions and answers are spoken rather than written
[C17: from Late Latin orālis, from Latin ōs face]
ˈorally adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

o•ral

(ˈɔr əl, ˈoʊr-)

adj.
1. uttered by the mouth; spoken: oral testimony.
2. of, using, or transmitted by speech: oral teaching methods; oral traditions.
3. of or involving the mouth: oral hygiene.
4. done or administered through the mouth.
5. (of a speech sound) pronounced with all the air issuing through the mouth and none through the nose, as the normal English vowels or the consonants (b) and (v).
6.
a. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the earliest phase of psychosexual development, during which pleasure is derived from activities involving the mouth, as sucking, eating, and babbling.
b. of or pertaining to a group of adult behaviors and personality traits including eating, talking, feeding, and being friendly and generous.
n.
8. an oral examination in a school, college, or university, given esp. to a candidate for an advanced degree.
[1615–25; < Latin ōr- (s. of ōs) mouth + -al1]
o•ral′i•ty, n.
o′ral•ly, adv.
usage: See verbal.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

o·ral

(ôr′əl)
Relating to the mouth.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

aural

oral
1. 'aural'

Aural means 'relating to your ears and your sense of hearing'. Aural is pronounced /'ɔːrəl/ or /'aʊrəl/.

I have used written and aural material.
2. 'oral'

Oral means 'relating to your mouth'. It also describes things that involve speaking rather than writing. Oral is pronounced /'ɔːrəl/.

...an oral test in German.

Both aural and oral are fairly formal words. They are used mainly to talk about teaching methods and examinations.

Collins COBUILD English Usage © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 2004, 2011, 2012
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.oral - an examination conducted by spoken communication
exam, examination, test - a set of questions or exercises evaluating skill or knowledge; "when the test was stolen the professor had to make a new set of questions"
Adj.1.oral - using speech rather than writing; "an oral tradition"; "an oral agreement"
spoken - uttered through the medium of speech or characterized by speech; sometimes used in combination; "a spoken message"; "the spoken language"; "a soft-spoken person"; "sharp-spoken"
2.oral - of or relating to or affecting or for use in the mouth; "oral hygiene"; "an oral thermometer"; "an oral vaccine"
3.oral - of or involving the mouth or mouth region or the surface on which the mouth is located; "the oral cavity"; "the oral mucous membrane"; "the oral surface of a starfish"
anatomy, general anatomy - the branch of morphology that deals with the structure of animals
aboral - opposite to or away from the mouth; "the aboral surface of a starfish"
4.oral - a stage in psychosexual development when the child's interest is concentrated in the mouth; fixation at this stage is said to result in dependence, selfishness, and aggression
depth psychology, psychoanalysis, analysis - a set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a method of treating various mental disorders; based on the theories of Sigmund Freud; "his physician recommended psychoanalysis"
anal retentive, anal - a stage in psychosexual development when the child's interest is concentrated on the anal region; fixation at this stage is said to result in orderliness, meanness, stubbornness, compulsiveness, etc.
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

oral

adjective spoken, vocal, verbal, unwritten, viva voce All students have to take a written and oral examination.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

oral

adjective
1. Produced by the voice:
2. Expressed or transmitted in speech:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
إمْتِحان شَفَهيإِمْتِحان شَفَهِيّشَفَهيشَفَهِيٌّفَمّي، عن طَريق الفَم
ústníústní zkouškaorální
mundtligmundtlig eksamenmund-
suullinensuullinen koe
usmenusmeni ispit
orálisszájon át
lisan
munn-, munnlegurmunnlegt prófmunnlegur
口頭の口頭試験
구두의구술시험
oralinisper burnąper burną imamasžodinisžodžiu
mutes-mutisks, mutvārdu-mutvārdu eksāmensorāls
ústna skúškaústny
usten
muntamuntlig
การสอบปากเปล่าที่ใช้การพูด
sözlüsözlü sınavağızdan alınan
bằng lời nóikỳ thi vấn đáp

oral

[ˈɔːrəl]
A. ADJ
1. (= spoken) [history, tradition, exam] → oral (Jur) [agreement, evidence] → verbal
2. (Med, Anat) [contraceptive, vaccine, sex] → oral; [hygiene] → bucal
B. Nexamen m oral
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

oral

[ˈɔːrəl]
adj
(= spoken) [tradition, agreement, test] → oral(e)
an oral exam → un oral
[hygiene] → oral(e); [contraceptive] → oral(e)
noral m
I've got my French oral soon → Je vais bientôt passer mon oral de français.oral examiner nexaminateur/trice m/f à l'oraloral history nhistoire f orale
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

oral

adj
consonant, phase, contraceptiveoral; vaccineoral verabreicht; medicinezum Einnehmen
(= verbal) communication, agreement, examination, tradition etcmündlich; to give oral evidence to a committeevor einer Kommission aussagen; to improve one’s oral skills in a languageeine Sprache besser sprechen lernen
nMündliche(s) nt

oral

:
oral cavity
nMundhöhle f
oral history
nOral History f, → mündliche Geschichtsdokumentation
oral hygiene
nMundhygiene f
oral intercourse
nOralverkehr m

oral

:
oral sex
nOralverkehr m
oral surgeon
nKieferchirurg(in) m(f)
oral surgery
nKieferchirurgie f
oral vaccination
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

oral

[ˈɔːrl]
1. adjorale
2. n (examination) → (esame m) orale m
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

oral

(ˈoːrəl) adjective
1. spoken, not written. an oral examination.
2. of or by the mouth. oral hygiene; an oral contraceptive.
noun
a spoken examination. He passed the written exam, but failed his oral.
ˈorally adverb
medicine to be taken orally.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

oral

إِمْتِحان شَفَهِيّ, شَفَهِيٌّ ústní, ústní zkouška mundtlig, mundtlig eksamen mündlich, mündliche Prüfung προφορική εξέταση, προφορικός oral suullinen, suullinen koe oral usmen, usmeni ispit orale 口頭の, 口頭試験 구두의, 구술시험 mondeling muntlig, muntlig eksamen egzamin ustny, ustny exame oral, oral устный, устный экзамен munta, muntlig การสอบปากเปล่า, ที่ใช้การพูด sözlü bằng lời nói, kỳ thi vấn đáp 口头的, 口试
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009

or·al

a. oral, bucal, rel. a la boca; verbal, hablado;
___ contraceptivepíldora contraceptiva;
___ diagnosisdiagnóstico bucal;
___ hygienehigiene bucal;
___surgerycirugía ___.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

oral

adj oral, bucal
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Etak, the main ingredient used in the product, is a long-acting antimicrobial agent developed by Professor Hiroki Nikawa of the Department of Oral Biology and Engineering at Hiroshima University's Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences.
Critical Reviews in Oral Biology & Medicine 1992;4(1):53-64.
- Holder of a Master of Advanced Studies in Dental Sciences and Oral Biology from the University of Maryland - Baltimore.
Furusho received a bachelor's degree in biology from the University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana and graduated with her doctorate in dental surgery, pediatric certificate and master's in oral biology from UIC College of Dentistry.
A study published in the Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research that was conducted in India signifies that turmeric proves to be a better treatment for alveolar osteitis than ZOE.
Tubitak Oral Biology and Practical Education Programme 1981; 1-6.
Maciejczyk et al., "Antioxidant profile, carbonyl and lipid oxidation markers in the parotid and submandibular glands of rats in different periods of streptozotocin induced diabetes," Archives of Oral Biology, vol.
Pinto, "Immunohistochemical analysis of bone resorption regulators (RANKL and OPG), angiogenic index, and myofibroblasts in syndrome and non-syndrome odontogenic keratocysts," Archives of Oral Biology, vol.
Walsh, "Mast cells and oral inflammation," Critical Reviews in Oral Biology & Medicine, vol.
This ECD was reportedly developed in the Division of Translational Oral Biology at Stony Brook University and exclusively licensed to Ortek from The Research Foundation of State University of New York.
The findings were published the journal Archives of Oral Biology.