organelle(redirected from Organela)
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A differentiated structure within a cell, such as a mitochondrion, vacuole, or chloroplast, that performs a specific function.
[New Latin organella, diminutive of Medieval Latin organum, organ of the body, from Latin, implement, tool; see organ.]
(Biology) a structural and functional unit, such as a mitochondrion, in a cell or unicellular organism
[C20: from New Latin organella, from Latin organum: see organ]
or•gan•elle(ˌɔr gəˈnɛl, ˈɔr gəˌnɛl)
a specialized cell structure that has a specific function; a cell organ.
[1905; < New Latin organella organ]
A structure or part that is enclosed within its own membrane inside a cell and has a particular function. Organelles are found only in eukaryotic cells and are absent from the cells of prokaryotes like bacteria. The nucleus, mitochondrion, and chloroplast are examples of organelles.
A specialized structure inside a cell, e.g. a chloroplast.
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|Noun||1.||organelle - a specialized part of a cell; analogous to an organ; "the first organelle to be identified was the nucleus"|
cell - (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals
cilium - a hairlike projection from the surface of a cell; provides locomotion in free-swimming unicellular organisms
organ - a fully differentiated structural and functional unit in an animal that is specialized for some particular function
lysosome - an organelle found in the cytoplasm of most cells (especially in leukocytes and liver and kidney cells)
cell nucleus, karyon, nucleus - a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction
nucleole, nucleolus - a small round body of protein in a cell nucleus; such organelles contain RNA and are involved in protein synthesis
centriole - one of a pair of small cylindrical cell organelles near the nucleus in animal cells; composed of nine triplet microtubules and form the asters during mitosis
ribosome - an organelle in the cytoplasm of a living cell; they attach to mRNA and move down it one codon at a time and then stop until tRNA brings the required amino acid; when it reaches a stop codon it falls apart and releases the completed protein molecule for use by the cell; "the ribosome is the site of protein synthesis"