organic compound

(redirected from Organic substance)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to Organic substance: Inorganic substance
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend: compound - any compound of carbon and another element or a radical
aldehyde - any of a class of highly reactive chemical compounds; used in making resins and dyes and organic acids
aliphatic compound - organic compound that is an alkane or alkene or alkyne or their derivative
alkylbenzene - organic compound that has an alkyl group bound to a benzene ring
alkyl halide, haloalkane - organic compound in which halogen atoms have been substituted for hydrogen atoms in an alkane
amino acid, aminoalkanoic acid - organic compounds containing an amino group and a carboxylic acid group; "proteins are composed of various proportions of about 20 common amino acids"
diamine - any organic compound containing two amino groups
enol - an organic compound that contains a hydroxyl group bonded to a carbon atom which in turn is doubly bonded to another carbon atom
halon - a compound in which the hydrogen atoms of a hydrocarbon have been replaced by bromine and other halogen atoms; very stable; used in fire extinguishers although it is thought to release bromine that depletes the ozone layer
peptone - any of various water-soluble compounds that form by hydrolysis in the digestion of proteins to amino acids
quaternary ammonium compound - a compound derived from ammonium with hydrogen atoms replaced by organic groups; used as surface-active agents, disinfectants, and in drugs
proenzyme, zymogen - any of a group of compounds that are inactive precursors of enzymes and require some change (such as the hydrolysis of a fragment that masks an active enzyme) to become active
propylthiouracil - a crystalline compound used as an antithyroid drug in the treatment of goiter
ether - any of a class of organic compounds that have two hydrocarbon groups linked by an oxygen atom
acetal - any organic compound formed by adding alcohol molecules to aldehyde molecules
aldehyde-alcohol, aldol - an oily colorless liquid obtained by the condensation of two molecules of acetaldehyde; contains an alcohol group (-OH) and an aldehyde group (-CHO)
alkaloid - natural bases containing nitrogen found in plants
amide - any organic compound containing the group -CONH2
rennet - a substance that curdles milk in making cheese and junket
azadirachtin - insecticide
thiazine - a compound made up of a ring of four carbon atoms and one sulfur atom and one nitrogen atom
cacodyl, tetramethyldiarsine - a poisonous oily liquid with a garlicky odor composed of 2 cacodyl groups; undergoes spontaneous combustion in dry air
neurochemical - any organic substance that occurs in neural activity
acid anhydrides, acyl anhydrides - organic compounds that react with water to form an acid
acid halide, acyl halide - organic compounds containing the group -COX where X is a halogen atom
chemical compound, compound - (chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight
coal-tar creosote, creosote - a dark oily liquid obtained by distillation of coal tar; used as a preservative for wood
creosote - a colorless or yellowish oily liquid obtained by distillation of wood tar; used as an antiseptic
cyanide, nitril, nitrile - any of a class of organic compounds containing the cyano radical -CN
cyanohydrin - any organic compound in which the cyano radical -CN and the hydroxyl radical -OH are attached to the same carbon atom
ester - formed by reaction between an acid and an alcohol with elimination of water
furan, furane, furfuran - a colorless toxic flammable liquid used in the synthesis of nylon
glycoside - a group of compounds derived from monosaccharides
resin, rosin - any of a class of solid or semisolid viscous substances obtained either as exudations from certain plants or prepared by polymerization of simple molecules
halocarbon - one of various compounds of carbon and any of the halogens
hemiacetal - an organic compound usually formed as an intermediate product in the preparation of acetals from aldehydes or ketones
erythrocytolysin, erythrolysin, haemolysin, hemolysin - any substance that can cause lysis (destruction) of erythrocytes (red blood cells) and the release of their hemoglobin
humic substance - an organic residue of decaying organic matter
hydrocarbon - an organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen
ketone - any of a class of organic compounds having a carbonyl group linked to a carbon atom in each of two hydrocarbon radicals
macromolecule, supermolecule - any very large complex molecule; found only in plants and animals
nitrobenzene - a poisonous oily water-soluble liquid used as a solvent and in the manufacture of aniline
oxime - any compound containing the group -C=NOH
petrochemical - any compound obtained from petroleum or natural gas
References in classic literature ?
The mineral and organic substances which it holds in suspension heightens its transparency.
When the biodegradable cocoon is decomposed after a period of time, it becomes an organic substance and a fertiliser for the soil, leaving small basins that collect surface water during rainy periods.
Being an organic substance, it is biocompatible and will be accepted by the body with few side effects.
The Bureau of Customs flagged the package when a cargo X-ray screening machine showed that it contained an organic substance on April 5.
The contraband, containing 962 tablets of the suspected party drug, was discovered after an examiner from the Bureau of Customs (BOC) observed that it showed an organic substance after passing through an X-ray screening machine on April 5.
Mercaptan is a harmless, organic substance made of carbon, hydrogen, and sulphur that is detectable to the human nose at levels of less than one part per million.
The new catalyst is an organic substance that lowers the energy required for the conversion from plant to plastic to occur.
Before taking this organic substance orally or applying it on the skin or scalp, it is best to consult a medical professional in advance.
Al Kharusi revealed that smugglers have resorted to a number of tactics to pass through customs inspection undetected, such as using grocery items, adding extra lead on the container, painting narcotic bags with an organic substance to fool customs dogs, changing the shipping route to a European port then to Jebel Ali Port, instead of taking a direct route to Jebel Ali Port.
The smugglers covered the bags of the drugs with tools of witchcraft and an "organic substance", thinking this might prevent their detection by Customs' scanners and sniffer dogs.
Supercritical water rapidly oxidizes any organic substance it comes in contact with- which in other words mean that it burns it.
The work at ETH Zurich and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California has created a sensor that can detect concentrations of an organic substance down to 30 trillionths of a gram in a litre of solution, against a previous limit in SEES systems of around a millionth of a gram.