broomrape

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Related to Orobanche: broomrape family

broom·rape

 (bro͞om′rāp′, bro͝om′-)
n.
Any of various parasitic herbs of the genus Orobanche, having purplish or yellowish flowers and small scalelike leaves that lack chlorophyll. Broomrape grows on the roots of various plants.

[Translation of Medieval Latin rāpum genistae : Latin rāpum, underground stock of a tree + Latin genistae, genitive of genista, broom (from the growth of these tubers on the roots of broom).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

broomrape

(ˈbruːmˌreɪp; ˈbrʊm-)
n
(Plants) any orobanchaceous plant of the genus Orobanche: brownish small-flowered leafless parasites on the roots of other plants, esp on legumes
[C16: adaptation and partial translation of Medieval Latin rāpum genistae tuber (hence: root nodule) of Genista (a type of broom plant)]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

broom•rape

(ˈbrumˌreɪp, ˈbrʊm-)

n.
any of various parasitic plants living on the roots of broom and other plants.
[1570–80; partial translation of Medieval Latin rāpum genistae tuber of the broom plant]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
Sauerborn, "The economic importance of the phytoparasites, Orobanche and Striga," in Proceedings of the Fifth International
Qu et al., "Orobanche cernuaLoefling attenuates ultraviolet B-mediated photoaging in human dermal fibroblasts," Photochemistry and Photobiology, vol.
The nitrogen-fixing bacteria Azospirillum brasilense has been reported to inhibit germination and radical growth of Orobanche aegyptiaca [5] and S.
BACKGROUND: Orobanche crenata is a holoparasitic weed that seriously attacks legumes and depend entirely on their hosts for all nutritional requirements.
Prohexadione-calcium induces sunflower (Helianthus annuus) resistance against the root parasitic weed Orobanche Cumana.
Communis+ in 5; Dorycnium hirsutum and Anthoxanthum ovatum +, Orobanche minor r; Aetheorhiza bulbosa 2 in 7; Erica scoparia, Cistus monspeliensis and Crataegus monogyna subsp.
Spring, "New sesquiterpene lactones from sunflower root exudate as germination stimulants for Orobanche cumana," Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol.
Another related parasitic species which has arguably the most beautiful flower is the one-flowered broomrape (Orobanche uniflora), also known as cancer-root.
Study and manipulation of the salicylic acid-dependent defense pathway in plants parasitized by Orobanche aegyptiaca Pers.