Bending analysis of laminated sector plates with polar and rectilinear orthotropy
, European Journal of Mechanics A--Solids 40: 84-96.
The brickwork texture was represented in consideration of the model's scale to account for material's orthotropy
. The mesh density was lower than the 2D models, to get a good compromise between accuracy and computational time.
. Almost all biological soft tissues are composed of elastin and collagen fibres embedded in the ground substance with varying amount of adipose tissue and smooth muscle depending on the anatomical location and function.
From the above analysis, we can conclude that the orthotropy
of the metasurface structure, which results in two independent transmission coefficients [t.sub.u] and [t.sub.v], is the root cause of the polarization conversion, and the polarization state of the transmitted wave can be completely determined by the difference between [t.sub.u] and [t.sub.v].
Several studies have been conducted to optimize the theoretical basis aiming to determine shear modulus in wood, considering its features of orthotropy
, being mentioned among them Gillis (1972), Holmberg, Persson, and Petersson (1999), Nairn (2007), Price (1929), and Schniewind (1959).
Tahani, "Bending analysis of laminated sector plates with polar and rectilinear orthotropy
," European Journal of Mechanics.
For reliable determination of the parameters of the stress-strain state in the elements of any shape, getting of quality pictures of stress distribution along the length of the frame and establishing patterns of changes in stress in the composition of the assembly, the software system LIRA-CAD has been used, where a model of orthogonal anisotropy (orthotropy
) in the plate finite elements has been realized.
To incorporate realistic material for bone tissues in maxilla or mandible the FEM may employ full orthotropy
for cortical bone as the elastic behavior in cortical bone approximates to an orthotro- pic materials and transversely isotropic for cancellous bone.
Zhang and Hoa  proposed a limit-based approach to provide solution to the composite tube having cylindrical orthotropy
. The Taylor series expansion method was used to drive new equations to replace those that are identically satisfied, while the other equations are kept to be same .
In the analysis of these composite joints, bone is assumed as elastic material having isotropy and orthotropy
in specific regions.