Writers such as Sydney Owenson or Charles Robert Maturin decided to follow the interest in Ossianism
and the sublime, as well as to use wild landscapes, and popular superstitions together with "native insurgency" to produce the Irish version of Gothic fiction (Kilfeather 2005: 80).
Byron's early Ossianism
, if a touch naive, cannot be read without an awareness of Scott's involvement in the Macpherson controversy.
* that, as Iurii Levin has since pointed out in some detail, (24) the late 18th-century Russian reading public was very familiar with "Ossianism" (376 ff.).
(19) "Ossianism" is repeatedly discussed (376, 387, 395, 398,400,409, 419, 431), bur primarily in a Russian, not general European, context.
Researchers have so far not been interested in this aspect, concentrating instead solely on the later Ossianism of the Czech National Revival, particularly the relationship between Ossian's poems and the Forged Manuscripts of the Revivalists (the Rukopis kralovedvorsky and the Rukopis zelenohorsky).
(13) In view of these facts, it is hard to imagine a more influential and more numerous forum in which to disseminate Ossianism in the Bohemian Lands, a forum that undoubtedly prepared the ground also for the later Ossianism of the Czech National Revival.
Only the Jungmann generation made Ossian a topic in Czech as well, thus launching the second stage of Ossianism in the Bohemian Lands, which lasted till the end of the nineteenth century.
The fact that Ossian and the Rukopisy almost merged in Czech commentaries (a tendency which was simplified and intensified by the national linguistic orientation of literary studies) (29) led to the wrongful ignoring of the sources of Revivalist Ossianism. In this paper, by outlining the developments, I have sought to demonstrate that an important role in the formation of Revivalist Ossianism was played by August Gottlieb Meissner, who otherwise remains completely neglected in this respect.
Mirsky says that Kostrov's popular translation (Ossian, syn Fingalov, bard III v.: Gal'skie stikhotvoreniya, Moscow, 1792; 2nd edn, Saint Petersburg, 1818) is "admirable." (10) Certainly Ossianism helped to mould Zhukovsky's poetic taste.
When Bowring encountered Zhukovsky's Pevets his own Ossianic tendencies were stimulated and focused by the restrained and muted Ossianism of the Russian poem.
In Pevets Bowring correctly recognized a subtly Ossianic mood piece, but in his undiscriminating enthusiasm he exaggerated the Ossianism that he found and reworked Zhukovsky's poem to its detriment as he tried to fit it to his own concept.
Ossian and Ossianism
: Subcultures and Subversions, 1750-1850.