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Variant of Ostyak.
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When the predictable horrors, starvation, murder, cannibalism, and eventual rejection by death at the hands of the Ostiaks came to light, they illustrated the failures of every element of planning.
In 1898, however, Kharuzin published (again in Etnograficheskoe obozrenie) a study of the cult of the bear among the Ostiaks and Voguls (Khanty and Mansi) of western Siberia, in which he applied to the fullest extent in his writings the methods and assumptions of evolutionist theory.
Yet bear meat was savored as a delicacy among the Ostiaks and Voguls.
For example, in Siberia Ostiaks and Tatars who converted to Orthodoxy were to be provided a new shirt, some tribute (iasak), and select privileges from the regional governors: Gramota, 6 December 1711, PSZ, 5:133.
In explaining the peculiarities of the environment within which traditional worldviews were formed and functioned, the missionaries pointed out that "the beliefs of the Ostiaks and Samoyeds were formed partly under the influence of the conditions of life .
Besides shamanism the Samoeds, and in particular the Ostiaks, practice idol worship.