The Zaporozhians of southern Ukraine, however, always retained a certain autonomy and after the death of Khmelnytsky in 1657, more and more looked to their own local leader or Otaman
(from the Turkish am, "father") first, and the ruler of the entire Cossack state, dubbed by historians "'the Hetmanate," second.
(12) After Charles XII's defeats at Poltava and Pervolochnia and Mazepa's death at Bender, the task of reviving their struggle against Peter I and uniting with the Crimean Tatars fell to Mazepa's secretary Pylyp Orlik and to Kost' Hordienko, koshevyi otaman
of the Zaporozhian Host.
Before 1648 he was titled starshyi (elder) or "koshovyi otaman
." Elsewhere, Plokhy does not explain why the learned Orthodox thought it "inappropriate" to develop a theory of resistance on religious grounds (p.
The following cases were heard at Cardiff Magistrates' Court: Waheed Otaman
Al Rashoudi, of Grangemoor Court, Cardiff, whose age is unknown, was fined pounds 175 after pleading guilty to using a mobile phone while driving on August 4 last year.
Previous WSB participants include Team GB's Rio Olympic medallists, Joe Joyce and Joshua Buatsi, and the man many regard as the finest pound-for-pound boxer in the world, Vasyl Lomachenko, who competed twice for the Ukraine Otamans
against the British Lionhearts in 2013.
He was named WSB Boxer of the quarter-finals in the Lionhearts' 8-2 demolition of the Ukraine Otamans
DOUBLE European champion Andrew Selby and Commonwealth Games medallist Joe Cordina will make their first appearance of the season for the British Lionhearts tonight when they take on the Ukraine Otamans
in Kiev in the World Series of Boxing (WSB).
The season opener against China will be followed by away fixtures against the Ukraine Otamans
in Kiev on January 23 and the Morocco Atlas Lions in Casablanca seven days later.
The Russian Boxing Team took a 4-1 lead against the Ukraine Otamans
, ahead of the return meeting in Donetsk next weekend in a contest that received added attention following Russia's annexation of Crimea and escalated military buildup on the Ukrainian border.
Selby showboated his way to a classy points win over Ivan Ilntyskyy as he claimed the first point of a memorable night in which the GB Lionhearts were edged 3-2 by Ukraine Otamans
in their WSB group stage clash.
The London heavyweight will have to overcome reigning Olympic champion Oleksandr Usyk if he is to maintain his unbeaten record as the GB Lionhearts face Ukraine Otamans
in the World Series of Boxing.
He has also competed for the British Lionhearts in the World Series of Boxing (WSB) and comes into the National Finals in good form after a sparkling performance in the team's quarter-final victory over the Ukraine Otamans
when he totally outclassed Vladyslav Vyetoshkin over five rounds at York Hall.