There is a sense of divine oughtness
from which there is no escape.
To this objection we retort: while it is quite true that a certain kind of adequacy of a response even requires our affections that are not within our free power to engender, and cannot be given as a pure volitional response, which could for example never be the adequate act of compassion with a person who was bereft of a loved one, still also this affective due response that does not stand within our power to engender freely calls for a free sanction, without which our response, as it were, would not enter fully into relation with oughtness
We do not shut down medical schools or charge drug research laboratories with fraud on the ground that the science of medicine commits the naturalistic fallacy--confusing the oughtness
implied in a prescription with the irreducible is-ness of science.
On my view, the notion of moral oughtness
or duty is not explicable simply in terms of the concepts of goodness and badness.
The reason for doing Y lies in its causal connection with the desired end, X; the oughtness
is contingent upon the desire.
26) For man, as a free, rational, and social creature, the order of being becomes an "order of oughtness
, a moral order, .
The world Schultze describes is filled with all things measurable but without meaning; these things represent the sheer facticity of life without the moral weight of oughtness