Ngombo divination basket containing 62 natural, carved or manufactured miniature elements, first half of 20th century, Ovimbundu
, Angola, fibres, wood, feathers, metal, bones, teeth, horn, glass, seeds, cowries, pigments, diameter of basket: 20cm.
Quanto a propalada postura conformista do escravo com sua situacao de coisa de uso, animal que fala, depoe a instituicao do quilombo que, segundo ensina Munanga (1996), e palavra cuja origem aponta para o umbundu, idioma do povo ovimbundu
: isso porque a raiz "-lombo", neste idioma da familia bantu, refere-se, com certeza, ao ritual da circuncisao; porem, entre este ritual e a formacao de estruturas de resistencia ao processo escravista, ha longa historia, modificando o significado e alcance do termo.
Angola's diverse ethnic communities with their own cultural traits, traditions, native languages, and artistic expressions include the Ovimbundu
, Mbundu, Bakongo, Chokwe.
They identify eight African culture clusters in South Carolina alone: Akan, Mande, Mano River, Niger Delta, Bakongo, Ovimbundu
, Yao, and Unknown (1993:xxvii).
But his most trusted followers were from the Ovimbundu
It is also why the one-year contract (although employed in Angola after World War II for very long distance contratos--for instance, southern Ovimbundu
people were brought to coffee plantations in the far North) directly negated the viability and profitability of forced labour.
It was also at this time that the small number of Portuguese-educated Africans made the break from tribalism (of which there are more than 20 with 3 major groups, the Bakongo, the Ovimbundu
, and the Kimbundu) to national consciousness.
UNITA first emerged as a revolutionary movement providing a voice to the Ovimbundu
, Angola's largest ethnic group.
Ethnic groups: Ovimbundu
37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mixed racial 2%, European 1%.
Hinton and I then met with Daniel Chipenda, an ambitious Ovimbundu
leader claiming to head a key faction in Neto's MPLA and reportedly favored by Zambian president Kaunda.
Les jongueiros, les gens qui pratiquent le jongo, utilisent beaucoup de mots d'origine kongo, mbundu ou ovimbundu
(Slenes 1982) au moment de "jeter un ponto >> (8).