Oxymuriatic acid

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chlorine, formerly so called on the supposition that it was a compound of oxygen and muriatic acid.

See also: Oxymuriatic

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, published 1913 by G. & C. Merriam Co.
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In 1785, he thought that oxidation of muriatic acid with manganese dioxide gave rise to oxymuriatic acid (chlorine), and in 1786 found that exposure of an aqueous solution of oxymuriatic acid to sunlight liberated oxygen and left behind muriatic acid.
Together with fellow chemist and compatriot Jean Antoine Chaptal (1756-1832), who worked mainly on technical problems such as the production of alum and saltpeter, Berthollet pioneered the use of the decolourizing properties of oxymuriatic acid (chlorine) in the artificial bleaching of textiles [9], and launched that industry on a practical basis.