After cutting his teeth on a few 17th century papyri under the direction of Flinders Petrie, in 1895, Grenfell headed for the ancient Egyptian city of Oxyrhyncus, a hundred miles or so south of Cairo, and here he hit the jackpot.
For a century or more in late antiquity the people of Oxyrhyncus had dumped all their rubbish - including all their books and paperwork - in landfill sites on the edge of town.
It was these tips that Grenfell and Hunt stumbled upon the 1890s and at a stroke Oxyrhyncus became a byword for lost (and found) antiquity.
Bernard Grenfell found himself returning to Oxyrhyncus year after year, while working on the papyri in Oxford much of the rest of his time.
In support, in chapter 2 Bagnall offers in detail two case studies, the first on Papyrus Magdalen Greek 17 (Gregory-Aland P64) and, in volume 69 of the Oxyrhyncus
papyri, three previously unpublished papyri containing a part of the Shepherd of Hermas.
Zenodotus also compiled a Homeric glossary, edited the Theogony of Hesiod, and published studies of Pindar and Anacreon, traces of which survive in a papyrus from Oxyrhyncus
. He is also said to have written epic poetry.