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The study of extinct and prehistoric hominins and their primate relatives, chiefly by examining fossils and artifacts.

pa′le·o·an′thro·po·log′ic (-pə-lŏj′ĭk), pa′le·o·an′thro·po·log′i·cal (-ĭ-kəl) adj.
pa′le·o·an′thro·pol′o·gist n.


(ˌpeɪ li oʊˌæn θrəˈpɒl ə dʒi; esp. Brit. ˌpæl i-)

the study of the origins and predecessors of the present human species.
pa`le•o•an`thro•pol′o•gist, n.
pa`le•o•an`thro•po•log′i•cal (-pəˈlɒdʒ ɪ kəl) adj.


The scientific study of primitive human beings.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.paleoanthropology - the scientific study of human fossilspaleoanthropology - the scientific study of human fossils
vertebrate paleontology - the paleontology of vertebrates
References in periodicals archive ?
Among their topics are geospatial anthropology: integrating remote sensing and geographic information sciences into anthropological fieldwork and analysis, assessing unsupervised image classification as an aid in paleo-anthropological explorations, tooth surface topography: a scale-sensitive approach with implications for inferring dental adaptation and diet, understanding the ecological decision making of Tiwanaku pastoralists through geospatial agent-based models, and PaleoCore: an open-source platform for geospatial data integration in paleo-anthropology. The 11 paper are from a spring 2016 seminar in Santa Fe, New Mexico.
"He comes back to us thanks to scientific rigor, notably that of paleo-anthropology and forensic medicine, but also the magic of art, that of Elisabeth Daynes, who knows how to bring many faces back from the distant past," Sebai said.
Integrating research findings from the fields of geology, climatology, evolutionary biology, archeology, paleo-anthropology, demography, economics, and the social sciences, the author explores interrelationships between earth history, evolution, population growth, disease, agricultural productivity, urban planning, mining, manufacturing, industry, consumption, energy use, and climate change.