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A large family of Australian aboriginal languages, spoken throughout Australia except in the extreme north, and including Pitjantjatjara and Warlpiri.

[pama, man (in northeast languages) + nyunga, man (in southwest languages).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Languages) of or relating to the largest superfamily of languages within the phylum of languages spoken by the native Australians
(Languages) this phylum
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
In Oceanic words r represents an alveolar flap, but in Pama-Nyungan words r represents a retroflex glide similar to English r, while rr represents an alveolar flap or trill.
Verstraete and Rigsby describe Yintyingka, a Pama-Nyungan language of central and eastern Cape York Peninsula in North Queensland, Australia.
Bilinarra is a Pama-Nyungan language in the Ngumpin subgroup of the Victoria River District.
The impetus for carrying out this work now comes from a recent resurgence of interest in kinship studies and systems of social organisation in anthropology, the importance of kinship in the native title context, and advances in sub-grouping and reconstructing the Pama-Nyungan languages of Australia.
In (28) the agent is encoded as an ergative in the same way as the agent of a two-place predicate, while the recipient and theme both appear in the accusative case: Diyari (Pama-Nyungan, Central Australia) (28) Ngathu nhinha walypala nhinha-ya ISG.ERG 3SGNF.ACC whiteman 3SGNF.ACC-this marda yingki-lha nganayi.
Ngapari is a term for FM in the Kanyara-Mantharda languages of the western Pilbara and in some Ngayardic languages, with possible cognates with different meaning farther afield in Pama-Nyungan. Maputyi MF is confined to Ngayardic.
McConvell, P 1996, 'Backtracking to Babel: the chronology of Pama-Nyungan expansion in Australia', Archaeology in Oceania 31:125-44.
The most apparent case in point is the emergence, between about 5000 and 3000 BP, of the distinctive small tool tradition, an expanded staple vegetable food repertoire, a marked intensification of population, important changes in rock art styles, the development of more widespread trade networks, and the expansion of the Pama-Nyungan subgroup of languages to occupy the greater part of the continent (see especially the papers by Evans and Jones, Layton, Allen, and McConvell).
-- 1999 Nhanda and Its Position within Pama-Nyungan, Oceanic Linguistics 38, 297-320.
The Yolngu subgroup of Pama-Nyungan is located in eastern Arnhem Land, separated from other languages of the Pama-Nyungan type by a solid block of non-Pama-Nyungan tongues.
1989 Secondary Predication as a Diagnostic of Underlying Syntactic Structure: Evidence from Some Pama-Nyungan Languages, handout, Australian Linguistic Society Conference workshop on comparative non-Pama-Nyungan, Monash University, September, 6pp.