Pama-Nyungan


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Pa·ma-Nyun·gan

 (pä′mə-nyo͝ong′gən)
n.
A large family of Australian aboriginal languages, spoken throughout Australia except in the extreme north, and including Pitjantjatjara and Warlpiri.

[pama, man (in northeast languages) + nyunga, man (in southwest languages).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Pama-Nyungan

(ˈpɑːməˈnjʊŋɡən)
adj
(Languages) of or relating to the largest superfamily of languages within the phylum of languages spoken by the native Australians
n
(Languages) this phylum
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
In Oceanic words r represents an alveolar flap, but in Pama-Nyungan words r represents a retroflex glide similar to English r, while rr represents an alveolar flap or trill.
Verstraete and Rigsby describe Yintyingka, a Pama-Nyungan language of central and eastern Cape York Peninsula in North Queensland, Australia.
Bilinarra is a Pama-Nyungan language in the Ngumpin subgroup of the Victoria River District.
The impetus for carrying out this work now comes from a recent resurgence of interest in kinship studies and systems of social organisation in anthropology, the importance of kinship in the native title context, and advances in sub-grouping and reconstructing the Pama-Nyungan languages of Australia.
In (28) the agent is encoded as an ergative in the same way as the agent of a two-place predicate, while the recipient and theme both appear in the accusative case: Diyari (Pama-Nyungan, Central Australia) (28) Ngathu nhinha walypala nhinha-ya ISG.ERG 3SGNF.ACC whiteman 3SGNF.ACC-this marda yingki-lha nganayi.
Ngapari is a term for FM in the Kanyara-Mantharda languages of the western Pilbara and in some Ngayardic languages, with possible cognates with different meaning farther afield in Pama-Nyungan. Maputyi MF is confined to Ngayardic.
McConvell, P 1996, 'Backtracking to Babel: the chronology of Pama-Nyungan expansion in Australia', Archaeology in Oceania 31:125-44.
The most apparent case in point is the emergence, between about 5000 and 3000 BP, of the distinctive small tool tradition, an expanded staple vegetable food repertoire, a marked intensification of population, important changes in rock art styles, the development of more widespread trade networks, and the expansion of the Pama-Nyungan subgroup of languages to occupy the greater part of the continent (see especially the papers by Evans and Jones, Layton, Allen, and McConvell).
-- 1999 Nhanda and Its Position within Pama-Nyungan, Oceanic Linguistics 38, 297-320.
The Yolngu subgroup of Pama-Nyungan is located in eastern Arnhem Land, separated from other languages of the Pama-Nyungan type by a solid block of non-Pama-Nyungan tongues.
1989 Secondary Predication as a Diagnostic of Underlying Syntactic Structure: Evidence from Some Pama-Nyungan Languages, handout, Australian Linguistic Society Conference workshop on comparative non-Pama-Nyungan, Monash University, September, 6pp.