Organization of American States

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Organization of American States

n
(Government, Politics & Diplomacy) an association consisting of the US and other republics in the W hemisphere, founded at Bogotá in 1948 to promote military, economic, social, and cultural cooperation among the member states. Abbreviation: OAS See also Pan American Union
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Noun1.Organization of American States - an association including most countries in the western hemisphere; created in 1948 to promote military and economic and social and cultural cooperation
Antigua and Barbuda - a country in the northern Leeward Islands
Argentina, Argentine Republic - a republic in southern South America; second largest country in South America
Chile, Republic of Chile - a republic in southern South America on the western slopes of the Andes on the south Pacific coast
Colombia, Republic of Colombia - a republic in northwestern South America with a coastline on the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea; achieved independence from Spain in 1821 under the leadership of Simon Bolivar; Spanish is the official language
Costa Rica, Republic of Costa Rica - a republic in Central America; one of the most politically stable countries in Latin America
Guatemala, Republic of Guatemala - a republic in Central America; achieved independence from Spain in 1821; noted for low per capita income and illiteracy; politically unstable
Honduras, Republic of Honduras - a republic in Central America; achieved independence from Spain in 1821; an early center of Mayan culture
El Salvador, Republic of El Salvador, Salvador - a republic on the Pacific coast of Central America
Panama, Republic of Panama - a republic on the Isthmus of Panama; achieved independence from Colombia in 1903
Mexico, United Mexican States - a republic in southern North America; became independent from Spain in 1810
Cuba, Republic of Cuba - a communist state in the Caribbean on the island of Cuba
Haiti, Republic of Haiti - a republic in the West Indies on the western part of the island of Hispaniola; achieved independence from France in 1804; the poorest and most illiterate nation in the western hemisphere
Dominican Republic - a republic in the West Indies; located on the eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola
Jamaica - a country on the island of Jamaica; became independent of England in 1962; much poverty; the major industry is tourism
Barbados - easternmost of the West Indies about 300 miles to the north of Venezuela
Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, Trinidad and Tobago - an island republic in the West Indies off the northeastern coast of Venezuela; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1962
Commonwealth of Dominica, Dominica - a country on the island of Dominica
Ecuador, Republic of Ecuador - a republic in northwestern South America; became independent from Spain in 1822; the landscape is dominated by the Andes
Bahama Islands, Bahamas, Commonwealth of the Bahamas - island country in the Atlantic to the east of Florida and Cuba; a popular winter resort
Bolivia, Republic of Bolivia - a landlocked republic in central South America; Simon Bolivar founded Bolivia in 1825 after winning independence from Spain
Brasil, Brazil, Federative Republic of Brazil - the largest Latin American country and the largest Portuguese speaking country in the world; located in the central and northeastern part of South America; world's leading coffee exporter
Grenada - an island state in the West Indies in the southeastern Caribbean Sea; an independent state within the British Commonwealth
Paraguay, Republic of Paraguay - a landlocked republic in south central South America; achieved independence from Spain in 1811
Peru, Republic of Peru - a republic in western South America; achieved independence from Spain in 1821; was the heart of the Inca empire from the 12th to 16th centuries
Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Christopher-Nevis, Saint Kitts and Nevis, St. Christopher-Nevis, St. Kitts and Nevis - a country on several of the Leeward Islands; located to the east southeast of Puerto Rico; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1983
Saint Lucia, St. Lucia - a country on the island of Saint Lucia; gained independence from Great Britain in 1979
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, St. Vincent and the Grenadines - an island country in the central Windward Islands; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1979
Dutch Guiana, Netherlands Guiana, Republic of Suriname, Surinam, Suriname - a republic in northeastern South America on the Atlantic; achieved independence from the Netherlands in 1975
U.S.A., United States, United States of America, US, USA, America, the States, U.S. - North American republic containing 50 states - 48 conterminous states in North America plus Alaska in northwest North America and the Hawaiian Islands in the Pacific Ocean; achieved independence in 1776
References in periodicals archive ?
The progressive assimilation of Latin America to international society, its increasing participation in international conferences and institutions, such as the Hague Peace Conferences, the Pan-American Conferences and the Pan-American Union and then the League of Nations, as well as the globalization or expansion of international society, prompted Latin American jurists and diplomats to envision the role of the region in this emerging global order and thus a conception of globality as such.
When John Humphrey, the Canadian who served as the head of the UN Secretariat's Human Rights Division, wrote the Secretariat outline (a draft bill of rights) for the Human Rights Commission to use its deliberations in producing the eventual UDHR, he used for models the score of drafts the Secretariat had collected from law professors and legal and social NGOs as well as from other intergovernmental organizations, including the Pan-American Union. (59) Although the Secretariat outline was modified significantly during the debates, the influence of these diverse nongovernmental and intergovernmental sources are clearly seen in the final version of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
SALALM was the creation of Marietta Daniels Shepard of the then Pan-American Union (later the Organization of American States, or OAS) and Stanley West, head of the library at the University of Florida at Gainesville.
A century ago, on April 26, 1910, representatives of the nations of the Americas came together in Washington, DC to dedicate the "House of the Americas," the headquarters of the Pan-American Union, now the headquarters of the OAS.

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