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The philosophical doctrine holding that all matter has life, which is a property or derivative of matter.

[Greek hūlē, matter + Greek zōē, life; see gwei- in Indo-European roots + -ism.]

hy′lo·zo′ic adj.
hy′lo·zo′ist n.
hy′lo·zo·is′tic (-zō-ĭs′tĭk) adj.


(Philosophy) the philosophical doctrine that life is one of the properties of matter
[C17: hylo- + Greek zōē life]
ˌhyloˈzoic adj
ˌhyloˈzoist n
ˌhylozoˈistic adj
ˌhylozoˈistically adv


(ˌhaɪ ləˈzoʊ ɪz əm)

the philosophical doctrine that matter is inseparable from life, which is a property of matter.
[1670–80; < Greek hyl(ē) matter, wood + -o- -o- + zō(ḗ) life + -ism]
hy`lo•zo′ic, adj.
hy`lo•zo′ist, n.
hy`lo•zo•is′tic, adj.


Philosophy. the doctrine that all matter has life. — hylozoist, n. — hylozoistic, adj.
See also: Matter
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References in periodicals archive ?
We have passed from the ancient panvitalism to the current situation in which life is rare and improbable in the universe, when precisely it is not fundamentally reduced to nonlife, to mechanically and chemically ordered matter (pan-mechanicalism).
The discovery of the two spheres of matter and spirit which took the place of primitive panvitalism and hylozoism-an achievement of Greek thought--introduced a new theoretical situation which had once again to be reckoned with.
It is impossible here to go into the 11 world picture the alchemists had developed by the sixteenth century; but the key to it was panvitalism - The idea that the universe and everything in it was alive: animals, plants nd minerals.