Vision Express optometrist Heather Love said Cara, of Wemyss Bay, Renfrewshire, might have papilloedema
Retinal findings were graded as per American Ophthalmological Society's classification of retinal changes in pre-eclampsia and eclampsia: Grade 0: Normal fundus; Grade 1 and 2: Characterised by slight or moderate degrees of reflex strip arterial-venous narrowing and spasm- the stage of angiospasm; Grade 3: The above with oedema, haemorrhage and exudates- pre-eclampsia; and Grade 4: Papilloedema
15] Cryptococcal ocular complications can manifest in patients with advanced stage HIV disease who develop cryptococcal meningitis and subsequent optic neuritis and papilloedema
More than 90% of patients diagnosed with IIH are overweight women and recent studies have shown weight loss is an effective treatment to reduce papilloedema
(optic disc swelling) and for curing IIH.
Both eye fundus examination showing hyperemic disc with blurring of disc margins and mild attenuated blood vessels suggestive of papilloedema
Decompression of the perioptic meninges for relief of papilloedema
Optical coherence tomography of the retinal nerve fibre layer in mild papilloedema
In group 1, 16 patients had only intracranial hypertension signs (headache, n=16; papilloedema
, n=8; sixth nerve palsy, n=2; nausea/vomiting, n=4).
The jury heard photographs taken by another member of staff of the back of his eyes shortly before he was examined by Rose suggested he had bilateral papilloedema
- the optic disc at the back of each eye was swollen because of the raised pressure within his skull.
Exclusion criteria for this study were children over the age of 5 years, neonates (less than 1 month of age), admission temperature <38[degrees]C, and children with exclusion criteria for a lumbar puncture (LP), namely focal neurological signs, papilloedema
, readily deteriorating consciousness or Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) < 8, signs of raised intra-cranial pressure (falling pulse, rising blood pressure, dilating or poorly reacting pupils), continuous seizure activity, bleeding diathesis and neural-tube defects.
Physical examination was unremarkable except for the presence of papilloedema
7 cm Transesophageal echocardiography Normal cardiac function and valves, no evidence of vegetations Cranial computed tomography Parasagittal meningioma, otherwise normal Ophthalmologic examination Bilateral papilloedema
Cerebrospinal fluid Clear and colorless; absolute cell count 4/[micro]L protein, glucose, and lactate levels within reference range Abdominal ultrasonography Splenomegaly, 15.