(77) On the difference between Paracelsian
treatment by similitude and Galenic beliefs in the curative properties of opposites, see Debus, 9-11; on music as cure for erotic diseases, see Austern, 2000a and b.
Boyle and Newton drew on a well-developed experimental tradition and corpuscular matter theory derived from thirteenth-century Aristotelian alchemy and fused with Paracelsian
spagyrical methods: it was seventeenth-century alchemy and iatrochemistry that provided them with the materialist theoretical basis and quantitative experimental methods on which to develop a replacement for Aristotle's substantial forms, not the Cartesian clockwork mechanism and Gassendian atomism.
Illustrated with symbolic engravings, these books constructed a complicated rhetoric out of a blend of alchemy, Paracelsian
theosophy, Hermeticism, and Christian Kabbalah.
Taken together, these two volumes make a useful contribution to the history of Paracelsian
medicine in sixteenth-century France.
contribution, more obvious and perhaps stronger than any other, lay primarily in an emphasis on immediate experience in both the natural and spiritual realms.
Kassell argues that Forman, as an untutored, irregular medical practitioner, who did not clearly fit into the traditional hierarchy of physician, surgeon, and apothecary medical practitioners, or into the definable camps of Galenic or Paracelsian
medicine, provides an entree into an anthropology of the medical world of early seventeenth-century London.
This book traces the influence of these theories from Marsilio Ficino through Aristotelian mineralogical writers and Paracelsian
alchemists until arriving at Pierre Gassendi.
It is this close reading of Paracelsian
thought that constitutes the main strength of the study.
Gunnoe, Jr., their edited collection of essays, Paracelsian
Moments: Science, Medicine, and Astrology in Early Modern Europe, brings a great deal of context and clarity to the man and his work.
Knoeff documents a shift in Boerhaave's thinking from his early Institutiones medicae (1708), which was influenced by Robert Boyle's corpuscularian chemistry and the mechanics of inertia and attraction in Newton's Principia, to emphasize more the chemical attractions and repulsions that are found in Newton's Opticks, and eventually to abandon mechanical philosophy for a more Paracelsian
metaphysics of seminal agencies that act directly on bodies from within them.
Like the German authors he admired, he borrowed many non-Aristotelian doctrines from the Italian medico-philosophers Girolamo Cardano and Julius Caesar Scaliger and from chemical authors of the Paracelsian
1588-1658) was a physician, a Paracelsian
, and the author of a treatise on the plague and several works of alchemy, spagyric medicine, and Hermetic philosophy.