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Related to Paranthropus: Paranthropus boisei


A genus of extinct hominins known from fossil remains found in eastern and southern Africa dating from 2.8 to 1.4 million years ago, characterized by very large molars and a large sagittal crest in the male. Several species in this genus were first classified in the genus Australopithecus.

[New Latin Paranthrōpus, genus name : Greek para-, para- + Greek anthrōpos, human being.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Palaeontology) palaeontol any of a genus of extinct bipedal hominins, thought to have descended from Australopithecus
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Paranthropus - former classification for Australopithecus robustus
australopithecine - any of several extinct humanlike bipedal primates with relatively small brains of the genus Australopithecus; from 1 to 4 million years ago
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
In contrast, infants of Paranthropus robustus, that became extinct around one million years ago and were a more robust species in terms of dental anatomy, as well as infants of Australopithecus africanus, stopped drinking sizeable proportions of mother milk in the course of the first months of life.
1938 Schoolboy Gert Terblanche discovers fossils of an unknown 'robust-type' human ancestor, later named Paranthropus robustus by Robert Broom, at Kromdraai, Blaauwbank River Valley, South Africa.
Specifically, they studied an ancient hominin called Paranthropus, who lived some two million years ago, and found that its cranium was much thinner and composed of a compact bone, rather than spongy one.
In comparing this cranium to that of another extinct group of our family tree, Paranthropus, that lived in South Africa along with the first humans less than two-million-years ago, their study revealed an intriguing and unexpected aspect of the cranial anatomy in this genus.
By 1.7 to 2 million years ago, early humans ate 35 percent grasses and some scavenged meat from grazing animals, while another nearby hominin, Paranthropus boisei, was eating 75 percent grasses, including wheat.
[156] examined the endocasts of Australopithecus africanus and three species of Paranthropus. They found that the brain morphology of Australopithecus africanus appears more human like than that of Paranthropus in terms of overall frontal and temporal lobe shape.
Study author Dr Gabriele Macho examined the diet of Paranthropus boisei, nicknamed "Nutcracker Man" because of his big flat molar teeth and powerful jaws, through studying modern-day baboons in Kenya.
(1986): Dental evidence for dietary differences in Australopithecus and Paranthropus: a quantitative analysis of permanent molar microwear.
Paranthropus robustus, and Australopithecus africanus to analyze the size and shape differences for interpretation of phylogenetic relationships between the taxa.
Leakey also discovered the Zinjanthropus (Paranthropus, a genus of extinct hominins) skull.