A taxon, such as a genus or species, can also be a clade, in which case it is monophyletic, but some taxa may exclude some descendants (paraphyletic
taxa) or include descendants from more than one ancestor (poly-phyletic taxa).
Although we recognize that "dicots" represent a paraphyletic
group, we use the term for convenience.
clades are visible from European sources, particularly from US and Japan isolates, which create a panmictic community, indicating frequent transmission between these countries.
with respect to a monophyletic Eriophorum L.
insidiosum as paraphyletic
in relation to other Pythium species.
In group A, four clades were found in which clade Amblyopinae and Oxudercinae were paraphyletic
with high supported value and the result was endorsed by Thacker (2003), Thacker and Roje (2011) and Tornabene et al.
Multiple origins of downy mildews and mito-nuclear discordance within the paraphyletic
In all analyses, Microcreagrinae was recovered as paraphyletic
and Neobisiinae (minus Parobisium) formed a well-supported clade.
Molecular phylogenetic analyses indicate that the Ixodes ricinus complex is a paraphyletic
The tolypelepids are paraphyletic
and form a basal group.
Necrotauliidae has been described as a paraphyletic
assemblage of species containing basal Trichoptera, basal Lepidoptera, and advanced stem-Amphiesmenoptera [6,13].
By accepting a new genus Magallana [type species Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg, 1793)] for a clade of Pacific Crassostrea, and by rejecting the genus Talonostrea (Li and Qi, 1994) [type species Talonostrea talonata (Li and Qi, 1994)] for the Pacific sister clade Magallana, WoRMS has effectively rendered the (Atlantic) genus Crassostrea paraphyletic
. By this interpretation, the latter genus would comprise both the Atlantic Crassostrea clade [type species Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin, 1791)] and the Talonostrea clade which is, however, the sister clade of Magallana.