parathyroid

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par·a·thy·roid

 (păr′ə-thī′roid)
adj.
1. Of, relating to, or obtained from the parathyroid glands: a parathyroid extract.
2. Adjacent to the thyroid gland.
n.
1. Any of the parathyroid glands.
2. A parathyroid hormone.

parathyroid

(ˌpærəˈθaɪrɔɪd)
adj
1. (Anatomy) situated near the thyroid gland
2. (Anatomy) of or relating to the parathyroid glands
n
(Anatomy) short for parathyroid gland

par•a•thy•roid

(ˌpær əˈθaɪ rɔɪd)

adj.
1. situated near the thyroid gland.
n.
[1895–1900]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.parathyroid - any one of four endocrine glands situated above or within the thyroid gland
ductless gland, endocrine gland, endocrine - any of the glands of the endocrine system that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream
Translations

par·a·thy·roid

n. paratiroides, grupo de glándulas endocrinas pequeñas situadas junto a la tiroides;
___ hormonehormona ___, reguladora de calcio;
a. paratiroideo-a, localizado-a cerca de la tiroides.

parathyroid

adj paratiroideo; n (fam) glándula paratiroidea, paratiroides f (fam)
References in periodicals archive ?
Between the numerous known selenoproteins at least one (p15) has been identified in both thyroid and parathyroids, with role in H2O2 degradation [20].
His narrative begins in 1877, with the discovery of the previously unknown small glands in the neck, and continues through the unraveling of the mystery of their function in calcium regulation and the gradual charting of the various diseases associated with the parathyroids and the development of the medical interventions for treating them.
In fact, it was not until 1891 that Eugene Gley, Professor of Physiology in Paris, described the parathyroids in the rabbit, showed that they were essential to life and gave due recognition to Sandstrom for his discovery.
The superior parathyroids develop from the fourth pharyngeal pouch and the inferior from the third.
PTH testing allowed intraoperative recognition and resection of additional hyperfunctioning parathyroids missed by preoperative imaging studies.
As renal mass dwindles and phosphate excretion gets more difficult, synthesis of 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol is impaired, and concentrations of fibroblast growth factor-23 increase (2), leading to low serum calcium concentrations and an initially appropriate response of the parathyroids: parathyroid hormone (PTH) synthesis increases.
Parathyroids and cervical thymus in sudden unexpected death in infancy.
Of these, 61 had opted for surgery to remove their parathyroids while 60 had not.
The parathyroids are the endocrine glands earliest and most often affected by FMEN1.
Clonal studies have suggested that hyperplastic parathyroids initially grow polyclonally and then foci of chief hyperplasia undergo somatic mutations and transform into monoclonal neoplasia-adenomas.