(redirected from Parfleches)


1. An untanned animal hide soaked in lye and water to remove the hair and then dried on a stretcher.
2. An article, such as a shield or bag, made of this hide.

[Canadian French parflèche : French parer, to parry, defend; see parry + French flèche, arrow; see flèche.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Tanning) a sheet of rawhide that has been dried after soaking in lye and water to remove the hair
2. (Tanning) an object, such as a case, made of this
[C19: from Canadian French, from French parer to ward off, protect + flèche arrow]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈpɑr flɛʃ, pɑrˈflɛʃ)

1. a rawhide that has been dried after having been soaked in a lye solution to remove the hair.
2. an article made of such rawhide.
[1820–30; < Canadian French parflèche= French pare (it) parries (see para-2) + flèche arrow (see flèche)]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Painted parfleches, women's saddles, moccasins, and beaded and tacked panel belts collected from the Wind River Shoshone reflect this area art style.
Parfleches were often used as medicine bags by the Plains Indians and this painting is a fitting and celebratory homage to the late artist whose Anishinaabe name was Copper Thunderbird.
Rawhide parfleches (painted storage envelopes) also were paired (Fig.
In the section on Gros Ventre history, the majority of the texts describe cultural traits, including descriptions of sacred objects and rituals such as the Feathered Pipe and the sweat lodge, as well as more everyday topics such as making parfleches and drying meat.
The meat of buffalo and deer was a source of food, while the hides provided rawhide and buckskins for teepee covers, blankets, clothes and parfleches. The bones of these animals were made into the scrapers, needles and punches needed to work the hides into useful items.
Klickitat baskets, Nez Perce sweet grass sally bags, Salish parfleches, or Canadian Plateau birch-bark baskets circulated in the region through the Indigenous trade fairs and at mutually used food resource sites.
We had two "parfleches" to carry our trunks in, that is the trader's name.
Over two hundred color photos of handsomely designed and crafted artifacts - shirts, leggings, sashes, breechcloths, blankets, necklaces, moccasins, parfleches, and much more - are supported by a text explaining the history and cultural legacy that formed the context for the craft objects pictured.
384) who confirms that "men kept skins, feathers, hairs, claws, and other parts of animals and birds, which were representations of their guardian spirits, and also charms, roots, etc., in medicine bags of leather, rawhide cases, or small specially made parfleches:" Turney-High, "Flathead Indians," p.
Stop by & see our current selection of both antique & contemporary Indian beaded moccasins, medicine bags, coin purses plus reproduction bead & quillwork, pipebags, parfleches & much more!!!
We supplied a whole buffalo hair-on rawhide we happened to have still up in the frame in our backyard, because it was too thin for parfleches, but perfect for the scene where women would be working on the hide staked to the ground.
Shirt and dress neck openings, horse gear, lance shafts, edges of square parfleches, grips of war clubs; all these could have this type of decoration, most often over red cloth.