Paris Commune

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Paris Commune

(Historical Terms) French history the council established in Paris in the spring of 1871 in opposition to the National Assembly and esp to the peace negotiated with Prussia following the Franco-Prussian War. Troops of the Assembly crushed the Commune with great bloodshed
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(v. kəˈmyun; n. ˈkɒm yun)

v. -muned, -mun•ing,
n. v.i.
1. to talk together, usu. intensely and intimately; interchange thoughts or feelings.
2. to be in intimate communication or rapport.
3. interchange of ideas or sentiments.
[1250–1300; Middle English < Middle French comuner to share, derivative of comun common]
com•mun′er, n.



v.i. -muned, -mun•ing.
to partake of the Eucharist.
[1275–1325; Middle English; back formation from communion]


(ˈkɒm yun)

1. a small group of persons living together, sharing possessions, work, income, etc., and often pursuing unconventional lifestyles.
2. a close-knit community of people who share common interests.
3. the smallest administrative division in France, Italy, Switzerland, etc., governed by a mayor and council.
4. a community organized for the promotion of local interests.
5. the government or citizens of a commune.
6. the Commune. Also called Com′mune of Par′is, Paris Commune.
a. a revolutionary committee that took control of the government of Paris from 1789 to 1794.
b. a socialist government that controlled Paris from March 18 to May 27, 1871.
[1785–95; < French < Medieval Latin commūna (feminine), alter. of Latin commūne community, state, orig. neuter of commūnis common]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
Later, he learned that Erik had found, all prepared for him, a secret passage, long known to himself alone and contrived at the time of the Paris Commune to allow the jailers to convey their prisoners straight to the dungeons that had been constructed for them in the cellars; for the Federates had occupied the opera-house immediately after the eighteenth of March and had made a starting-place right at the top for their Mongolfier balloons, which carried their incendiary proclamations to the departments, and a state prison right at the bottom.
the place of all our great events, our wars, our liberations, the epicenter of our lives." Completed in the 12th century, the cathedral survived the French Revolution, the uprising of Paris Commune in 1871, and Hitler's (thwarted) command to burn Paris to the ground.
The first, "Organisations and Debates," contains six essays about the context of emergence and the organizational nature of the IWMA, with themes spanning-from the Paris Commune to the General Council's role in English labour politics to the machinery question.
The second section explores aesthetics and politics in the age of capital, from the Romantic revolution through the Paris Commune, with discussion of Western metaphysics during revolutions, the industrial age, and slavery.
This was reminiscent of the 1871 Paris Commune, when the working class successfully installed its own revolutionary government that would last over two months.
In the eyes of bourgeois Europe, Marx supposedly masterminded both the International Workingmen's Association (IWA), a militant socialist group that was deemed threatening because it organized workers across national boundaries, and the 1871 Paris Commune, which frightened the leaders of the capitalist world on both sides of the Atlantic.
On the eve of August 9, 1792, 'a Jacobin insurrection overthrew the leadership of Paris Commune, headed by Jerome de Villeneuve who proclaimed a new revolutionary commune, headed by transitional authorities.' (Wikipedia)
Then the citizens of Paris rose against their failed government and established their own collective government in Paris (March 1871) which is famously known as the Paris Commune. This government was snuffed out by the old order after three months - with great cruelty.
Farzana and Sarwar Bari's flat in the William Goodenough House in London served as our own version of the Paris Commune. I was at Cambridge working towards a PhD.
Talking on state and Marxism, Ayaz Mallick brought up the Paris Commune and how when the state takes on an independent role it is time for the dismantling of the state.
As partial compensation for this departure, 2016 witnessed several discussions of lesser-known Pre-Raphaelites and of Pre-Raphaelitism in general, as well as many articles on William Morris and an elegant monograph placing the latter's views in the context of the Paris Commune.