parotoid

parotoid

(pəˈrɒtɔɪd)
n
(Zoology) Also called: parotoid gland any of various warty poison glands on the head and back of certain toads and salamanders
adj
(Anatomy) resembling a parotid gland
[C19: from Greek parot(is) (see parotid) + -oid]
References in periodicals archive ?
It also uses its large parotoid glands, which are behind each eye.
The larger the toad the larger the parotoid glands and the greater the volume of venom secreted.
Parotoid glands, are large post-orbital serous glands that produce and store a viscous and creamy poisonous secretion composed of proteins, serine proteases, peptides, biogenic amines, cardiotonic steroids and alkaloids (Clarke, 1997; Anjolette et al., 2015).
[9] who reported the discovery of 25 peptides from the secretions of the parotoid glands, including Caerulein 1, eighteen Caerins, and six Caeridins (Caeridins 1-6), the latter also being evidenced later in four other Australian frog species, including, L.
One such is the parotoid gland, which is located in the postorbital region, on both sides, and is specialized in toxin production and storage.
Vasculature of the Parotoid Glands of Four Species of Toads (Bufonidae: Bufo).
This arboreal toad belongs, according to morphological characters, to the Rhinella veraguensis group, having orbito-tympanic and postorbital crests weak and parotoid glands moderately large.
Of the toads that had parotoid glands expressed, microscopic examination revealed the majority of the vesicles in the glands had emptied significantly with little to no contents remaining.
Actually, that liquid h a poison, and it does come from the toad's warty skin and from the two largest lumps--called parotoid glands--located just behind the amphibian's eyes.
Unlike other toads for the region, this species lacks parotoid glands.
This is the case of toads, characterized by the presence of a pair of parotoid macroglands, strategically located behind the eyes to give protection by poison release in the form of jets in case of frontal attacks [2].