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An ancient country of southwest Asia corresponding to modern northeast Iran. It was included in the Assyrian and Persian empires and the Macedonian empire of Alexander the Great. A Parthian kingdom lasted from c. 250 bc to ad 226, reaching the height of its influence and landholdings at the beginning of the first century bc. Parthian soldiers were renowned as horsemen and archers.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Placename) a country in ancient Asia, southeast of the Caspian Sea, that expanded into a great empire dominating SW Asia in the 2nd century bc It was destroyed by the Sassanids in the 3rd century ad
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈpɑr θi ə)

an ancient country in W Asia, SE of the Caspian Sea, in what is now NE Iran.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Parthia - an ancient kingdom in Asia to the southeast of the Caspian SeaParthia - an ancient kingdom in Asia to the southeast of the Caspian Sea; it dominated southwestern Asia from about 250 BC to AD 226
Asia - the largest continent with 60% of the earth's population; it is joined to Europe on the west to form Eurasia; it is the site of some of the world's earliest civilizations
Parthian - a native or inhabitant of Parthia
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References in periodicals archive ?
After the end of Hellenistic Dynasty from Seleucia, a tribe subdued by Persians took over the initiative of Persian recovery and creates the Parthian Kingdom under the Dynasty of the Arsacids and Sasanids.
During the early Roman period the powerful Parthian kingdom (247 BC-AD 220) controlled the territories of Iraq and Iran and blocked further Roman expansion into the Middle East.