particle accelerator

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particle accelerator

n.
A device, such as a cyclotron or linear accelerator, that accelerates charged subatomic particles or nuclei to high energies for the purpose of colliding them with other particles or targets. Also called atom smasher.

particle accelerator

n
(General Physics) a machine for accelerating charged elementary particles to very high energies, used for research in nuclear physics. See also linear accelerator, cyclotron, betatron, synchrotron, synchrocyclotron

par′ticle accel`erator


n.
an electrostatic or electromagnetic device, as a cyclotron, that produces high-energy particles and focuses them on a target. Also called accelerator.
[1945–50]

particle accelerator

Any of several machines, such as the cyclotron and linear accelerator, that increase the speed and energy of protons, electrons, or other atomic particles and direct them at the nuclei of atoms, causing the nuclei to release new particles. Particle accelerators are used to study the atomic nucleus, to create radioactive isotopes, and to release elementary particles such as quarks. See Note at subatomic particle.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.particle accelerator - a scientific instrument that increases the kinetic energy of charged particlesparticle accelerator - a scientific instrument that increases the kinetic energy of charged particles
betatron, induction accelerator - accelerates a continuous beam of electrons to high speeds by means of the electric field produced by changing magnetic flux
charge-exchange accelerator - an accelerator in which high-energy ions escape from plasma following charge exchange
Cockcroft and Walton accelerator, Cockcroft and Walton voltage multiplier, Cockcroft-Walton accelerator, Cockcroft-Walton voltage multiplier - a high-voltage machine in which rectifiers charge capacitors that discharge and drive charged particles through an accelerating tube
collider - an accelerator in which two beams of particles are forced to collide head on
cyclotron - an accelerator that imparts energies of several million electron-volts to rapidly moving particles
linac, linear accelerator - ions are accelerated along a linear path by voltage differences on electrodes along the path
scientific instrument - an instrument used by scientists
storage ring - container consisting of a set of magnets set in a doughnut-shaped ring around which charged particles from an accelerator can be kept circulating until they are used
References in periodicals archive ?
America has had some success in with eliminating nuclear waste with particle accelerators, and has done so with the Spallation Neutron Source in Oak Ridge, Tenn.
The map is "revealing new information about nature's particle accelerators," Brenda Dingus, a leader of the HAWC collaboration, said April 18.
MHI) succeeding to MHI's operations in hydraulics & machinery and particle accelerators, will commence operations under its new business structure on October 1.
He develops the theory of beam dynamics in such a way that it can be applied, where necessary, to some of the more complex situations encountered in high energy particle accelerators.
Scientists envision a day when laboratories across the country could have their own compact particle accelerators as standard equipment, making it easier to probe the quantum realms.
LHC, RHIC, Tevatron), particle accelerators are used in a large variety of applications, including particle therapy for oncological purposes, and as synchrotron light sources for fields such as condensed matter physics.
Prof Barlow said: "The exploitation of particle accelerators has expanded way beyond the confines of fundamental physics into many areas of science, technology, manufacturing and medicine.
Washington, Nov 17 (ANI): Scientists have discovered that cosmic particle accelerators are more efficient than previously thought, thanks to ESA's Cluster satellites.
These particles are charged with more than a hundred million times more energy than scientists can create with particle accelerators on earth.
The fabrication of the next generation of particle accelerators for high energy physics will require the development of new niobium-tin/copper superconductors able to carry extremely high current densities at high magnetic fields.
Since the first particle accelerator was built by Cockcroft and Walton (see 1929), the energy produced by particle accelerators had increased enormously.
Contract notice: Supply, removal, installation, training and maintenance of two particle accelerators and its additional equipment and supply, installation, training and maintenance of a dedicated scanner activity radiotherapy