While this work established a clearly Calvinistic Baptist theology, Particular Baptists
in other areas of England continued to draft confessions for the churches under their influence.
Like the Particular Baptists
, they are examined here as examples of innovative freedom given to women preaching in several denominations that was in the second and third generation rescinded.
Stephen had sailed with a number of other Particular Baptists
, including two of his sisters and their husbands, on the Harpley.
Casting off their status as a persecuted minority, Particular Baptists
struggled now to rise into recognition and power; and as they did so, with Clarke, Holmes, and Crandall among them, "their historic concern for religious toleration was somewhat relativized." (26)
Her conjunction of these themes, he contends, stems not from her often-supposed link with the Quakers but from her association with the Particular Baptists
and the Fifth Monarchy movement.
The events of 1678 to 1681 were not lost upon the Particular Baptists
Bell devotes several chapters each to how General Baptists and Particular Baptists
evaluated active revolution against the monarch and the state church as the best way to call for King Jesus.
After these brushes with the law, Ward decided to train for full-time Christian ministry among the Particular Baptists
. The denomination's leaders agreed.
Historically, Baptists were either General Baptists (believing Christ's atonement was not only for the elect, but was general) or Particular Baptists
(believing atonement to be individual).
Although not a comprehensive survey, the chapters present significant historical developments among Particular Baptists
, General Baptists, and New Connexion General Baptists respectively.
One of their leaders, surveying the published attacks upon the movement, later condemned those writers who ridiculed believers' baptism: "Satan manifests his malice in throwing contempt upon the obedient and upright practisers of the same, to raise prejudices from a story of what strange Creatures were of that opinion at Munster in Germany, and stirs up others to pry into the dark side of the Saints, I mean their personal frailties." (39) Far from being revolutionary, these English Baptists--called Particular Baptists
, after their adherence to the Calvinist doctrine of "particular redemption"--articulated their faith within the paradigms established by the mainstream Reformed tradition.
As a result, Howson can acquit Knollys of "Anabaptism" without fully coming to grips with the relationship of English Particular Baptists
to continental Anabaptism.