pathognomonic

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pa·thog·no·mon·ic

 (pə-thŏg′nə-mŏn′ĭk, păth′əg-nō-)
adj.
Specific to a certain disease or condition, as a symptom or finding on physical examination.

[Greek pathognōmonikos : patho-, patho- + gnōmonikos, able to judge (from gnōmōn, interpreter; see gnō- in Indo-European roots).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

pathognomonic

(ˌpæθəɡnəˈmɒnɪk)
adj
(Pathology) pathol characteristic or indicative of a particular disease
[C17: from Greek pathognōmonikos expert in judging illness, from patho- + gnōmōn judge]
ˌpathognoˈmonically adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
Translations

path·og·no·mon·ic

a. patognomónico-a, rel. a un signo o síntoma característico de una enfermedad.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Other diseases detected on basis of elevations of their pathognomic metabolites on OA testing are shown in table-II.
Although there are some imaging findings that are seen in amyloidosis, no pathognomic finding is present radiologically.
Less than 20% of patients however report cyclical menstrual hematuria, which is considered a pathognomic sign for bladder endometriosis [97-99].
Referral to a urologist for cystoscopy and cytology is appropriate in patients with microscopic hematuria, a significant smoking history predisposing to bladder cancer, or severe pain with severe frequency, which raises the possibility of Hunner's ulcers, considered pathognomic for IC, respond "beautifully" to fulguration, she said.
Signs of septicemia and absence of pathognomic lesions often mask pericarditis which could be attributable to haematogenous spread of infectious diseases such as colibacillosis, pasteurellosis, salmonellosis and anaerobic infections as opined by Grunder (2002).
WM hypertintensities in the external capsule and temporopolar region have been widely accepted as pathognomic for CADASIL,26 but MRS goes beyond to detect changes in normal-appearing regions.
Functional amnesia involving autobiographical memory is a pathognomic sign in a major class of mental illnesses known as dissociative (conversion) disorders [1], with sudden onset subsequent to physical trauma and/or psychologically stressful events, such as natural disasters (e.g., earthquakes and floods), marital discord, physical assault, personal threats, and war or military-related activities [2].
The only consistently found pathological lesion in PE is the renal lesion termed glomerular endotheliosis, which has been regarded as pathognomic for the condition.
Hence, genetic and molecular studies are needed to understand different pathognomic molecular expressions in GC cells and distinguish which subtype will benefit from immunotherapy [22, 26].
Diabetic dermopathy (shin spots), although not pathognomic of DM, is considered as the most common dermatoses seen in diabetics affecting 7-70% of patients being more common in men over 50 years of age.9 However, in this study, it was seen in only 11 (2.9%) of cases.
This clinical sign, which was proposed as pathognomic of CHS (Wallace et al., 2011) was described by the six patients diagnosed in Mataro hospital, matching the observations made in the previously published cases (hot bathing is reported in 91%).