Pavlovian conditioning


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Pavlovian conditioning

n.
Classical conditioning.

[After Ivan Petrovich Pavlov.]

con•di•tion•ing

(kənˈdɪʃ ə nɪŋ)

n.
1. a process of changing behavior by rewarding or punishing a subject each time an action is performed.
2. Also called classical conditioning. a process in which a previously neutral stimulus comes to evoke a specific response by being repeatedly paired with another stimulus that evokes the response.
[1915–20]
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References in periodicals archive ?
To arrive at this conclusion, researchers first put test mosquitoes through Pavlovian conditioning, in which the insects learned to associate the smells of specific people or species with a mechanical shock, which was simulated by vibrations and accelerations produced using a simple vortex mixer in the laboratory.
This edition has been updated to incorporate recent research and has new material on Pavlovian conditioning, extinction of conditioned behavior, consolidation, reconsolidation, and memory, as well as new findings on response allocation and behavioral economics.
Pavlovian conditioning and its proper control procedures.
His contributions within the framework of Pavlovian conditioning could be, in our opinion, the perfect supplement to the operant explanations retrieved by contextual therapies (RFT; Hayes, Barnes-Holmes, & Roche, 2001).
In this respect, it would appear that, despite most experiments providing evidence for both operant conditioning and Pavlovian conditioning, these experiments were simply based on animals and their behaviour.
Using a multidisciplinary approach in mice, combining behavioral, in vivo and in vitro electrophysiological, imaging, optogenetic and state-of-the-art viral circuit tracing techniques, we aim at dissecting the neuronal circuitry of appetitive Pavlovian conditioning with a focus on the amygdala, a key brain region important for both aversive and appetitive learning.
It's based on Pavlovian conditioning," the researcher added.
This prediction is empirically supported by a large number of reports using both Pavlovian conditioning and predictive learning task with humans (e.
To do this, they used a Pavlovian conditioning strategy in which a neutral event (a tone) is paired with a stimulus that provokes the desired behavior -- in this case, a drop of water on the mouse's nose, which triggers the mouse to groom.
However, the view that evaluative conditioning and Pavlovian conditioning constitute different types of learning processes (see Bar-Anan, De Houwer, & Nosek, 2010) needs further empirical and theoretical support.