peat

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Related to Peat soil: peat moss, muck soil

peat

 (pēt)
n.
Partly decomposed vegetable matter, usually mosses, found in bogs and sometimes burned as fuel or mixed into soil to improve growing conditions.

[Middle English pete, perhaps from Medieval Latin peta.]

peat′y adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

peat

(piːt)
n
1.
a. a compact brownish deposit of partially decomposed vegetable matter saturated with water: found in uplands and bogs in temperate and cold regions and used as a fuel (when dried) and as a fertilizer
b. (as modifier): peat bog.
2. a piece of dried peat for use as fuel
[C14: from Anglo-Latin peta, perhaps from Celtic; compare Welsh peth thing]
ˈpeaty adj

peat

(piːt)
n
1. archaic derogatory a person, esp a woman
2. obsolete a term of endearment for a girl or woman
[C16: of uncertain origin]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

peat

(pit)

n.
1. a highly organic material found in marshy or damp regions, composed of partially decayed vegetable matter: it is cut and dried for use as fuel.
2. such vegetable matter used as fertilizer or fuel.
[1300–50; Middle English pete (compare Anglo-Latin peta), of obscure orig.]
peat′y, adj. peat•i•er, peat•i•est.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

peat

(pēt)
Partially decayed vegetable matter, especially mosses, found in bogs. Peat is burned as a fuel and is also used as a fertilizer.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

peat

There are two types: sphagnum peat is produced partially decayed sphagnum moss, and sedge peat from partially decayed sedges and heathers.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.peat - partially carbonized vegetable matter saturated with water; can be used as a fuel when dried
humate - material that is high in humic acids
vegetable matter - matter produced by plants or growing in the manner of a plant
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
rašelina
tørv
turve
treset
mórtorf
泥炭
이탄
torv
ถ่านหินเลน
than bùn

peat

[piːt]
A. Nturba f
B. CPD peat bog Nturbera f, turbal m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

peat

[ˈpiːt] ntourbe fpeat bog ntourbière f
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

peat

nTorf m; (= piece)Stück ntTorf
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

peat

[piːt] ntorba
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

peat

سِمَاد طَبِيعِيّ rašelina tørv Torf τύρφη turba turve tourbe treset torba 泥炭 이탄 turf torv torf turfa торф torv ถ่านหินเลน turba than bùn 泥煤
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009
References in periodicals archive ?
The peat soil fires resulting from slash-and-burn practices of small-scale farmers, rogue lumber operators and oil palm companies have contributed to the toxic pollution that has endangered not just humans but the vast biodiversity in that archipelago.
However, it is difficult to compact peat soil because of its high moisture content and organic particles which make a slurry-like and sticky texture.
Organic fertilizers and preparations based on peat soil are widely used in agriculture, because peat is a very rich source in organic matter and biologically active substances [1].
The calculations show that in peat soil vibration travel further than in other soils.
and Darusman, T.: 2015, Imaging tropical peatlands in Indonesia using ground-penetrating radar (GPR) and electrical resistivity imaging (ERI): implications for carbon stock estimates and peat soil characterization.
Field Observation of the Tropical Peat Soil Respiration Rate under Various Ground Water Levels.
Stephen Macaulay, project director for Oxford Archaeology East, said: "We hoped that because the Spitfire crashed in peat soil that the artefacts would be wellpreserved but the condition of many of the finds, including the headrest, oxygen tank and pilot's helmet, were beyond our expectations."
Treatments were as follows: natural peat soil (I), peat soil under flooding (II), peat soil plus raw organic matter (III), and peat soil under flooding plus organic matter (IV).
The result supports our hypothesis that an extended dry period followed by rewetting increases the release of DOC in pristine peat soil water.
Three major groups of natural forest ecosystems defined by the water regime are recognized (although they differ in the trophic level): upland dry forests, wet mineral soil forests and forests on wet peat soil. Due to the large areas of drained forests in Latvia, in the typology these forests are treated as two separate groups: forests on drained mineral soil and drained forests on peat soil.
Indonesia is currently researching the implementation of new technologies to reduce methane emissions from the nation's vast areas of peat soil, which support important crops such as palm oil, rubber and food staples.