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A member of a people living in the region of the Aegean Sea before the coming of the Greeks.

[Middle English, from Latin Pelasgus, from Greek Pelasgos.]

Pe·las′gi·an, Pe·las′gic (-jĭk) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Historical Terms) a member of any of the pre-Hellenic peoples (the Pelasgi) who inhabited Greece and the islands and coasts of the Aegean Sea before the arrival of the Bronze Age Greeks
(Historical Terms) of or relating to these peoples
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(pəˈlæz dʒi ən, -dʒən, -gi ən)

a member of a people inhabiting parts of the S Balkan Peninsula, Aegean islands, and the coast of Asia Minor prior to the Hellenic invasions of the 2nd millennium b.c.
[1480–90; « Greek Pelásgi(os) Pelasgian + -an1]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Hippothous led the tribes of Pelasgian spearsmen, who dwelt in fertile Larissa--Hippothous, and Pylaeus of the race of Mars, two sons of the Pelasgian Lethus, son of Teutamus.
If there is such honor, if such is the fame of Apollo, if propitious poetry holds so many virtues, if there is divine genius, a mind inspired by poets, an inspired voice and a superior life, boy, then both the Latin and Pelasgian bards together pay homage, with which your brow be completely covered in ivy.
"Summer Worlds," the metaphorical/archetypal myth of Bronze Age Civilization, (led by Nile Valley Africa, but linked with the Asiatic "Blackheads" of Sumer in the Tigris-Euphrates valley, and the Black Dravidians of Mohenjo Daro in the Indus, along with the Phoenicians, and the "Homeric" (Cretan-derived Pelasgian) Greeks of Nile Valley descent, according to the "Classical" Greek historians, Herodotus et al).
Pallottino writes that ancient and modern thinkers have tried to explain the question of origins with historically accepted stereotypical images of a maritime immigration into Italy from the East, taking place in an early heroic age by Arcadian, Pelasgian, Achaean, Trojan, Lydian, Cretan, and Iapygian peoples.
During the first half of the nineteenth century, arguably the "Vichian century" par excellence (Garin, "Vico" 70), many followed Vico's quest for an antiquissima italorum sapientia, or ancestral Italian wisdom, be it Pelasgian, Pythagorean, or Scholastic.
In the preface, Beekes emphasizes three aspects lacking in earlier works that have transformed Greek etymology: laryngeal theory, fuller knowledge of Mycenaean, and the abandoning of the Pelasgian theory.
Doris Myers also notices this and says that "Lewis probably chose those symbols to demonstrate the non-Olympian, primitive character of Glomian religion" since "Bird and egg are part of both the Pelasgian and the Homeric-Orphic creation myths" (208; Part II).
Herodotus gives us a clear instance of language shift with respect to the Athenians who shifted from Pelasgian to Greek, ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.], 1.57.3).
Yet Herodotus uses [phrase omitted] for the rape/abduction of Athenian women by Pelasgians intent on vengeance against Athens ([phrase omitted] 6.138.1); here the violence of the action is clear without additional language of [phrase omitted].
Skinner then explores accounts of twelve real, or imaginary, peoples, among them Scythians, Ethiopians, "prehistoric" Pelasgians, the sensational Cyclopes, Arimaspians, and Amazons.
Other possibilities are scanted, e.g., Herodotos' demolitionary examination of divine Herakles, or his intermittent attention to the Pelasgians. (43) Little or nothing is said of Herodotos' treatment of non- or hemi-Hellenic and barbarian myths, such as the Egyptian goddess Isis (2.122-3), or the fascinating northern cluster of the bilocating Prokonnesian shaman Aristeas, Skythian Anakharsis and Skyles (4.13-15, 4.76-7, 4.78-80), and the Getic daimon Salmoxis (4.94-6).