Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


 (pĕl′ə-pə-nē′səs) also Pel·o·pon·nese (pĕl′ə-pə-nēz′, -nēs′)
A peninsula forming the southern part of Greece south of the Gulf of Corinth. It was dominated by Sparta until the fourth century bc.

Pel′o·pon·ne′sian (-nē′zhən, -shən) adj. & n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˌpɛl ə pəˈni səs)

also Pel•o•pon•ne•sos

(-sɒs, -soʊs, -səs)

a peninsula forming the S part of Greece: seat of the early Mycenaean civilization and the powerful city-states of Argos, Sparta, etc. 986,912; 8356 sq. mi. (21,640 sq. km).
Also called Morea.
Pel`o•pon•ne′sian (-ʒən, -ʃən) adj., n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Peloponnesus - the southern peninsula of GreecePeloponnesus - the southern peninsula of Greece; dominated by Sparta until the 4th century BC
Ellas, Greece, Hellenic Republic - a republic in southeastern Europe on the southern part of the Balkan peninsula; known for grapes and olives and olive oil
Sparta - an ancient Greek city famous for military prowess; the dominant city of the Peloponnesus prior to the 4th century BC
Olympia - a plain in Greece in the northwestern Peloponnese; the chief sanctuary of Zeus and the site of the original Olympian Games
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in classic literature ?
This island seems formed by nature to be the mistress of Greece, for it is entirely surrounded by a navigable ocean which washes almost all the maritime parts of that country, and is not far distant on the one side from Peloponnesus, on the other, which looks towards Asia, from Triopium and Rhodes.
The league soon embraced almost the whole Peloponnesus. Macedon saw its progress; but was hindered by internal dissensions from stopping it.
9.21.6: As they were being pursued, one of the Harpies fell into the river Tigris, in Peloponnesus which is now called Harpys after her.
Such was the rationale for the Archidamian War of Sparta against Athens in the Peloponnesus two and half millennia ago and for the German invasion of Soviet Russia in 1941.
helped lead Peloponnesus to defend its freedom against Persia.
Godelitsas, "Multivariate statistical analysis of the hydrogeochemical and isotopic composition of the groundwater resources in northeastern Peloponnesus (Greece)," Science of the Total Environment, vol.
As Paul Rahe observes in The Spartan Regime (2016), "[t]he Spartans were acutely aware that they were interlopers in the Peloponnesus, that they had invaded and seized Laconia by force, and that their servants--the 'old helots' of the provinces--were descended from the original Achaean stock, which had ruled Lacedaemon in the epoch described by Homer."
Thus, they were deeply conscious of the importance of balancing their internal dangers with the external threats in the Peloponnesus. Against Sparta's ancient opponent, Argos, they waged a series of wars over the centuries to maintain their superiority in the Peloponnesus.
(Think Strabo's warning in Geography 8.6.20 about rounding Cape Malea off the Peloponnesus: "When you double Cape Malea, forget your home.") Mark also concludes that sea battles were more common than prior opinion allowed; that Homeric ships were more for sailing than for rowing; and that the helmsman was a sailor's best hope for a safe return.
Methane and hydrogen sulfide seepage in the northwest Peloponnesus petroliferous basin (Greece): Origin and geohazard.