penicillium

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Related to Penicilium: Penicillium marneffei

pen·i·cil·li·um

 (pĕn′ĭ-sĭl′ē-əm)
n. pl. pen·i·cil·li·ums or pen·i·cil·li·a (-sĭl′ē-ə)
Any of various characteristically bluish-green fungi of the genus Penicillium that grow as molds on decaying fruits and ripening cheese and are used in the production of antibiotics such as penicillin and in making cheese.

[New Latin Pēnicillium, genus name, from Latin pēnicillus, brush; see pencil.]

penicillium

(ˌpɛnɪˈsɪlɪəm)
n, pl -cilliums or -cillia (-ˈsɪlɪə)
(Plants) any ascomycetous saprotrophic fungus of the genus Penicillium, which commonly grow as a green or blue mould on stale food: some species are used in cheese-making and others as a source of penicillin
[C19: New Latin, from Latin pēnicillus tuft of hairs; named from the tufted appearance of the sporangia of this fungus]

pen•i•cil•li•um

(ˌpɛn əˈsɪl i əm)

n., pl. -cil•li•ums, -cil•li•a (-ˈsɪl i ə)
any fungus of the genus Penicillium, certain species of which are used in making cheese and as the source of penicillin.
[1925–30; < New Latin, = Latin pēnicill(us) brush (see pencil) + -ium -ium2]

pen·i·cil·li·um

(pĕn′ĭ-sĭl′ē-əm)
Any of various green and blue-green fungi that grow as molds on citrus fruits, cheeses, and bread, including several species used to produce penicillin and certain other antibiotics.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.penicillium - genus of fungi commonly growing as green or blue molds on decaying foodPenicillium - genus of fungi commonly growing as green or blue molds on decaying food; used in making cheese and as a source of penicillin
fungus genus - includes lichen genera
family Moniliaceae, Moniliaceae - family of imperfect fungi having white or brightly colored hyphae and spores that are produced directly on the mycelium and not aggregated in fruiting bodies
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
parasiticus, and some other species of Aspegillus, Penicilium, and Rhizopus (Wogan, 1973; Bennett and Klich, 2003).
Except Cephaliphora irregularis and Penicilium chrysogenum, all the fungal species caused increase in free fatty acid above 20%, the value after which rancidity of oil becomes noticed [3].
Other subjects are aerobic biodegradation of fish-meal wastewater, methods in the study of biodegradation of water insoluble polymer materials, biodegradation of phenol and resorcinol by a halotolerant penicilium, and kinetics and metabolic pathway of melatonin biodegradation by a bacterium isolated from mangrove sediment.