penitentiary

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pen·i·ten·tia·ry

 (pĕn′ĭ-tĕn′shə-rē)
n. pl. pen·i·ten·tia·ries
1. A prison for those convicted of major crimes.
2. Roman Catholic Church
a. A tribunal of the Roman Curia having jurisdiction in matters relating to penance, dispensations, and papal absolutions.
b. A priest whose special function is the administration of the sacrament of penance in a particular church or diocese.
adj.
1. Of or for the purpose of penance; penitential.
2. Relating to or used for punishment or reform of criminals or wrongdoers.
3. Resulting in or punishable by imprisonment in a penitentiary: a penitentiary offense.

[Middle English penitenciarie, penance officer, episcopal prison, from Medieval Latin pēnitentiāria, feminine of pēnitentiārius, from Latin paenitentia, penitence, from paenitēns, penitent; see penitent.]

penitentiary

(ˌpɛnɪˈtɛnʃərɪ)
n, pl -ries
1. (Law) (in the US and Canada) a state or federal prison: in Canada, esp a federal prison for offenders convicted of serious crimes. Sometimes shortened to: pen
2. (Roman Catholic Church) RC Church
a. a cleric appointed to supervise the administration of the sacrament of penance in a particular area
b. a priest who has special faculties to absolve particularly grave sins
c. a cardinal who presides over a tribunal that decides all matters affecting the sacrament of penance
d. this tribunal itself
adj
3. another word for penitential1
4. (Law) US and Canadian (of an offence) punishable by imprisonment in a penitentiary
[C15 (meaning also: an officer dealing with penances): from Medieval Latin poenitēntiārius, from Latin paenitēns penitent]

pen•i•ten•tia•ry

(ˌpɛn ɪˈtɛn ʃə ri)

n., pl. -ries,
adj. n.
1. a place for imprisonment, reformatory discipline, or punishment, esp., in the U.S., a state or federal institution for serious offenders.
2. a tribunal in the Curia Romana, presided over by a cardinal having jurisdiction over certain matters, as penance, confession, or dispensation.
adj.
3. (of an offense) punishable by imprisonment in a penitentiary.
4. of, pertaining to, or intended for imprisonment, reformatory discipline, or punishment.
[1375–1425; late Middle English penitenciarie priest who administers penance, prison < Medieval Latin pēnitentiārius of penance. See penitence, -ary]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.penitentiary - a correctional institution for those convicted of major crimespenitentiary - a correctional institution for those convicted of major crimes
correctional institution - a penal institution maintained by the government
Adj.1.penitentiary - used for punishment or reform of criminals or wrongdoers; "penitentiary institutions"
punitive, punitory - inflicting punishment; "punitive justice"; "punitive damages"
2.penitentiary - showing or constituting penance; "penitential tears"; "wrote a penitential letter apologizing for her hasty words"
penitent, repentant - feeling or expressing remorse for misdeeds

penitentiary

noun
A place for the confinement of persons in lawful detention:
Informal: lockup, pen.
Chiefly Regional: calaboose.
Translations
fengselkasjott

penitentiary

[ˌpenɪˈtenʃərɪ] N (esp US) (= prison) → penitenciaria f

penitentiary

[ˌpɛnɪˈtɛnʃəri] n (US)prison f

penitentiary

n (esp US: = prison) → Strafanstalt f, → Gefängnis nt

penitentiary

[ˌpɛnɪˈtɛnʃərɪ] n (esp Am) (prison) → penitenziario, carcere m
References in periodicals archive ?
The prisoners at Nouakchott's central penitentary had kidnapped the wardens on Friday during a violent protest in which several security personnel were injured.
The Council also accepted the enlargement of the field of these services, with regard to the Commission's proposal on legal, penitentary and emergency services, and firefighting, and the hotel and catering business.
In the speeches afterward, President Doucette said years ago his own sister went missing and after four years had passed, the family got a letter from her from Kingston Penitentary. After waiting expectantly for six months until her release date, one day she was found dead in her jail cell, he said, which was awful news for the family.