valeric acid

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va·le·ric acid

 (və-lîr′ĭk, -lĕr′-)
A colorless liquid, C5H10O2, used in flavorings, perfumes, plasticizers, and pharmaceuticals.

[valer(ian) (from its occurrence in the plant's root) + -ic.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

valeric acid

(Elements & Compounds) another name for pentanoic acid
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

va•ler′ic ac′id

(vəˈlɛr ɪk, -ˈlɪər-)
any of several isomeric organic acids having the formula C5H10O2, the common one being a liquid of pungent odor obtained from valerian roots: used chiefly as an intermediate in perfumery.
[1855–60; valer(ian) + -ic]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.valeric acid - a clear liquid carboxylic acid used in perfumes and drugs
carboxylic acid - an organic acid characterized by one or more carboxyl groups
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References in periodicals archive ?
N-succinimidyl 4-(2-pyridyldithio) butyrate (SPDB) (18%), acid-labile hydrazine (10%), maleimidomethyl cyclohexane-1-carboxylate (MCC), maleimidocaproyl (MC) (10%), N-succinimidyl 4-(2-pyridyldithio pentanoate (SPP) and carbonate (3%) linkers are other employed linkers.
The concentrations of halide ions (such as fluoride and chloride), organic acid anions (such as formate, acetate, butyrate, pentanoate, hexanoate, and heptanoate) and inorganic anions (such as nitrate, sulfate, carbonate, and bicarbonate) were obtained by calibrating the ion chromatograph with standard solutions so that the peak areas were proportional to the anion concentrations.
Figure 1 shows renderings of the three pentaerythritol tetraalkanoates: pentanoate ([C.sub.25][H.sub.44][O.sub.8], POE-5), heptanoate ([C.sub.33][H.sub.60][O.sub.8], POE-7), and nonanoate ([C.sub.41][H.sub.76][O.sub.8], POE-9).
These include isoamyl acetate [6], ethyl pentanoate [7], hexyl acetate [8, 9], ethyl isobutyrate [10], methyl (E)-geranoate ((E)-3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadienoic acid methyl ester) [9], ethyl octanoate [8], isoamyl octanoate [9], and butyl butyrate [11, 12].