(redirected from Pentoses)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to Pentoses: Ketopentose


 (pĕn′tōs′, -tōz′)
Any of a class of monosaccharides having five carbon atoms per molecule and including ribose and several other sugars.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Elements & Compounds) any monosaccharide containing five atoms of carbon per molecule: occur mainly in plants and the nucleic acids
[C20: from penta- + -ose2]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈpɛn toʊs)

a monosaccharide containing five atoms of carbon, as xylose, C5H10O5, or produced from pentosans by hydrolysis.
[< German (1890); see pent-, -ose2]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pentose - any monosaccharide sugar containing five atoms of carbon per molecule
monosaccharide, monosaccharose, simple sugar - a sugar (like sucrose or fructose) that does not hydrolyse to give other sugars; the simplest group of carbohydrates
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Succinic Acid Production from Hexoses and Pentoses by Fermentation of Actinobacillus succinogenes.
Hemicellulose constitutes 20-35% of wood mass, and it mainly contains hexoses and pentoses connected by [beta]-(1,4) bonds.
The biotransformation of these pentoses into ethanol is one of the most important scientific and technological challenges requiring solution (Rossel, 2006; Silva, Mussatto, Roberto, & Teixeira, 2011; 2012).
In industry, economical and efficient fuel ethanol production process from lignocellulosic materials requires cofermentation of all hydrolyzed hexoses and pentoses [4].
G6PDH is the first step in the pentose phosphate pathway that regenerates NADPH for anabolic metabolism, as well as pentoses like ribose-5 phosphate, a precursor in the synthesis of nucleotides.
Other ingredients of the aloe include galactose, uronic acids and pentoses. The miracle qualities of aloe are not believed to be the polysaccharides alone, but the synergistic effect of these and other compounds in the leaf.
Glycerol is a secondary metabolite of alcoholic fermentation, being important for the growth of the Saccharomyces genus, which synthesized the compound from pentoses and hexoses.
Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus pentoses, Lactobacillus casei 393 were used to make them competent.
Clostridium bacteria can utilize different types of sugars including hexoses several pentoses oligo- and polysaccharides for bio-butyric acid production while C.
O amido e a celulose sao polissacarideos que consistem em unidades de hexose, a hemicelulose e um heteropolissacarideo formado por uma mistura de monomeros de pentoses e hexoses, a lignina e um polimero tridimensional complexo formado por compostos fenolicos e os oleos consistem de triglicerideos.
The maximum theoretical yield of hexoses and pentoses is 1.136 kg and 1.111 kg per kg of glucan and xylan, respectively.