People's Republic of China
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|Noun||1.||People's Republic of China - a communist nation that covers a vast territory in eastern Asia; the most populous country in the world|
acupuncture, stylostixis - treatment of pain or disease by inserting the tips of needles at specific points on the skin
acupressure, G-Jo, shiatsu - treatment of symptoms by applying pressure with the fingers to specific pressure points on the body
Chinese Revolution - the republican revolution against the Manchu dynasty in China; 1911-1912
Chinese Wall, Great Wall, Great Wall of China - a fortification 1,500 miles long built across northern China in the 3rd century BC; it averages 6 meters in width
yang - the bright positive masculine principle in Chinese dualistic cosmology; "yin and yang together produce everything that comes into existence"
yin - the dark negative feminine principle in Chinese dualistic cosmology; "the interaction of yin and yang maintains the harmony of the universe"
feng shui - rules in Chinese philosophy that govern spatial arrangement and orientation in relation to patterns of yin and yang and the flow of energy (qi); the favorable or unfavorable effects are taken into consideration in designing and siting buildings and graves and furniture
Chinese - any of the Sino-Tibetan languages spoken in China; regarded as dialects of a single language (even though they are mutually unintelligible) because they share an ideographic writing system
Cultural Revolution, Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution - a radical reform in China initiated by Mao Zedong in 1965 and carried out largely by the Red Guard; intended to eliminate counterrevolutionary elements in the government it resulted in purges of the intellectuals and socioeconomic chaos
dim sum - traditional Chinese cuisine; a variety of foods (including several kinds of steamed or fried dumplings) are served successively in small portions
fortune cookie - thin folded wafer containing a maxim on a slip of paper
Red Guard - a radical political movement by Chinese youths who espoused Maoist principles
falun gong - a spiritual movement that began in China in the latter half of the 20th century and is based on Buddhist and Taoist teachings and practices
Manchuria - a region in northeastern China
Beijing, capital of Red China, Peiping, Peking - capital of the People's Republic of China in the Hebei province in northeastern China; 2nd largest Chinese city
Chongqing, Chungking - a city in south-central China on the Chang Jiang; a commercial center for western China
Canton, Guangzhou, Kuangchou, Kwangchow - a city on the Zhu Jiang delta in southern China; the capital of Guangdong province and a major deep-water port
Gansu, Gansu province, Kansu - a province in north-central China; formerly part of the Silk Road to Turkistan and India and Persia
Hunan, Hunan province - a province in southeastern central China between the Nan Ling mountains and the Chang Jiang; noted for its timber and valuable mineral resources
Luda, Luta - an industrial conurbation in northeastern China on the southern end of the Liaodong Peninsula; it now includes the cities of Dalian and Lushun
Dairen, Dalian, Talien - a port and shipbuilding center in northeastern China on the Liaodong Peninsula; now a part of Luda
Loyang, Luoyang - a city in east central China; the capital of ancient China during several dynasties
Lushun, Port Arthur - a major port city in northeastern China on the Liaodong Peninsula; now a part of Luda
Hangchow, Hangzhou - a city of eastern China on Hangzhou Bay; regarded by Marco Polo as the finest city in the world
Nanjing, Nanking - a city in eastern China on the Yangtze River; a former capital of China; the scene of a Japanese massacre in the 1930s
Shanghai - the largest city of China; located in the east on the Pacific; one of the largest ports in the world
Taiyuan - an ancient city in northeastern China noted for coal mining and steel production
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