inversion

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Related to Pericentric inversion: isochromosome, reciprocal translocation
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inversion
Cooler surface air trapped by a layer of warm air prevents the dispersion of pollutants.

in·ver·sion

 (ĭn-vûr′zhən)
n.
1.
a. The act of inverting.
b. The state of being inverted.
2. An interchange of position of adjacent objects in a sequence, especially a change in normal word order, such as the placement of a verb before its subject.
3. Music
a. A rearrangement of tones in which the upper and lower voices of a melody are transposed, as in counterpoint.
b. A rearrangement of tones in which each interval in a single melody is applied in the opposite direction.
c. An arrangement of the tones of a chord such that the root is not the lowest pitch, as in the rearrangement of the C-major triad CEG to EGC.
4. Psychology In early psychology, behavior or attitudes in an individual considered typical of the opposite sex, including sexual attraction to members of one's own sex. No longer in technical use.
5. Chemistry Conversion of a substance in which the direction of optical rotation is reversed, from the dextrorotatory to the levorotatory or from the levorotatory to the dextrorotatory form.
6. Meteorology An atmospheric condition in which the air temperature rises with increasing altitude, holding surface air down and preventing dispersion of pollutants.
7. Genetics A chromosomal rearrangement in which a segment of the chromosome breaks off and reattaches in the reverse direction.

[Latin inversiō, inversiōn-, from inversus, past participle of invertere, to invert; see invert.]

inversion

(ɪnˈvɜːʃən)
n
1. the act of inverting or state of being inverted
2. something inverted, esp a reversal of order, mutual functions, etc: an inversion of their previous relationship.
3. (Rhetoric) rhetoric Also called: anastrophe the reversal of a normal order of words
4. (Chemistry) chem
a. the conversion of a dextrorotatory solution of sucrose into a laevorotatory solution of glucose and fructose by hydrolysis
b. any similar reaction in which the optical properties of the reactants are opposite to those of the products
5. (Classical Music) music
a. the process or result of transposing the notes of a chord (esp a triad) such that the root, originally in the bass, is placed in an upper part. When the bass note is the third of the triad, the resulting chord is the first inversion; when it is the fifth, the resulting chord is the second inversion. See also root position
b. (in counterpoint) the modification of a melody or part in which all ascending intervals are replaced by corresponding descending intervals and vice versa
c. the modification of an interval in which the higher note becomes the lower or the lower one the higher. See complement8
6. (Pathology) pathol abnormal positioning of an organ or part, as in being upside down or turned inside out
7. (Psychiatry) psychiatry
a. the adoption of the role or characteristics of the opposite sex
b. another word for homosexuality
8. (Physical Geography) meteorol an abnormal condition in which the layer of air next to the earth's surface is cooler than an overlying layer
9. (Phonetics & Phonology) anatomy phonetics another word for retroflexion2
10. (Computer Science) computing an operation by which each digit of a binary number is changed to the alternative digit, as 10110 to 01001
11. (Genetics) genetics a type of chromosomal mutation in which a section of a chromosome, and hence the order of its genes, is reversed
12. (Logic) logic the process of deriving the inverse of a categorial proposition
13. (Mathematics) maths a transformation that takes a point P to a point P′ such that OP·OP′ = a2, where a is a constant and P and P′ lie on a straight line through a fixed point O and on the same side of it
inˈversive adj

in•ver•sion

(ɪnˈvɜr ʒən, -ʃən)

n.
1. an act or instance of inverting.
2. the state of being inverted.
3. anything that is inverted.
5. a reversal of the usual order of words, as in the placement of the subject after an auxiliary verb in a question.
6. the turning inward of an anatomical part, as the foot.
7. a hydrolysis of certain carbohydrates, as cane sugar, that results in a reversal of direction of the rotatory power of the carbohydrate solution.
8.
a. the process or result of transposing the musical tones of an interval or chord so that the original bass becomes an upper voice.
b. (in counterpoint) the transposition of the upper voice part below the lower, and vice versa.
9. homosexuality.
10. a reversal of the linear order of genes on a chromosome.
11. a reversal in the normal atmospheric lapse rate, the temperature rising at higher altitudes rather than falling.
12. a conversion of direct current into alternating current.
13. the operation of forming the inverse of a point, function, etc.
in•ver′sive, adj.

inversion

The reversal of the order in which words would normally be used.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.inversion - the layer of air near the earth is cooler than an overlying layerinversion - the layer of air near the earth is cooler than an overlying layer
atmospheric phenomenon - a physical phenomenon associated with the atmosphere
2.inversion - abnormal condition in which an organ is turned inward or inside out (as when the upper part of the uterus is pulled into the cervical canal after childbirth)
abnormalcy, abnormality - an abnormal physical condition resulting from defective genes or developmental deficiencies
3.inversion - a chemical process in which the direction of optical rotation of a substance is reversed from dextrorotatory to levorotary or vice versa
chemical action, chemical change, chemical process - (chemistry) any process determined by the atomic and molecular composition and structure of the substances involved
4.inversion - (genetics) a kind of mutation in which the order of the genes in a section of a chromosome is reversed
genetic science, genetics - the branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in organisms
chromosomal mutation, genetic mutation, mutation - (genetics) any event that changes genetic structure; any alteration in the inherited nucleic acid sequence of the genotype of an organism
5.inversion - the reversal of the normal order of words
rhetorical device - a use of language that creates a literary effect (but often without regard for literal significance)
6.inversion - (counterpoint) a variation of a melody or part in which ascending intervals are replaced by descending intervals and vice versa
counterpoint - a musical form involving the simultaneous sound of two or more melodies
variation - a repetition of a musical theme in which it is modified or embellished
7.inversion - a term formerly used to mean taking on the gender role of the opposite sex
gayness, homoeroticism, homosexualism, homosexuality, queerness - a sexual attraction to (or sexual relations with) persons of the same sex
8.inversion - turning upside downinversion - turning upside down; setting on end
movement, motility, motion, move - a change of position that does not entail a change of location; "the reflex motion of his eyebrows revealed his surprise"; "movement is a sign of life"; "an impatient move of his hand"; "gastrointestinal motility"
overturn, turnover, upset - the act of upsetting something; "he was badly bruised by the upset of his sled at a high speed"
9.inversion - the act of turning inside out
movement, motility, motion, move - a change of position that does not entail a change of location; "the reflex motion of his eyebrows revealed his surprise"; "movement is a sign of life"; "an impatient move of his hand"; "gastrointestinal motility"

inversion

inversion

noun
The act of changing or being changed from one position, direction, or course to the opposite:
Translations
قَلْب، تِغيير ترتيب الجُمْلَه
obratpřevrácení
ombytningspejlvending
umsnúningur, viîsnúningur
prevrátenie
ters çevirme

inversion

[ɪnˈvɜːʃən] Ninversión f

inversion

nUmkehrung f; (Mus also, Gram) → Inversion f; (fig: of roles, values) → Verkehrung f, → Umkehrung f

inversion

[ɪnˈvɜːʃn] n (of elements, words, roles) → inversione f; (of object) → capovolgimento, ribaltamento; (of values) → rovesciamento, capovolgimento

invert

(inˈvəːt) verb
to turn upside down or reverse the order of.
inˈversion (-ʃən) noun
inverted commas
single or double commas, the first (set) of which is turned upside down (`` '', ` '), used in writing to show where direct speech begins and ends. ``It is a lovely day,'' she said.

in·ver·sion

n. inversión, proceso de volverse hacia adentro;
___ of chromosomes___ de cromosomas;
___ of the uterus___ del útero;
paracentric ______ paracéntrica;
pericentric ______ pericéntrica;
visceral ______ visceral.
References in periodicals archive ?
Familial partial monosomy 5p and trisomy 5q: three cases due to paternal pericentric inversion 5 (p151g333).
G-band patterns reveal an apparent pericentric inversion difference between the two chromosomal forms.
pallidipennis populations sited at lower altitudes tend to support larger individuals, where pericentric inversions are more frequent (Colombo 2014).