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Peru

Pe·ru

 (pə-ro͞o′)
A country of western South America on the Pacific Ocean. Inhabited since at least the 9th millennium bc, it was the center of the Inca Empire after the 12th century ad. Francisco Pizarro's conquest of the Inca in 1533 led to the establishment in 1542 of the Spanish viceroyalty of Peru, which in time included Panama and all of Spanish South America except Venezuela. Peru achieved full independence from Spain in 1824. Lima is the capital and the largest city.

Pe·ru′vi·an (-vē-ən) adj. & n.

Peru

(pəˈruː)
n
(Placename) a republic in W South America, on the Pacific: the centre of the great Inca Empire when conquered by the Spanish in 1532; gained independence in 1824 by defeating Spanish forces with armies led by San Martín and Bolívar; consists of a coastal desert, rising to the Andes; an important exporter of minerals and a major fishing nation. Official languages: Spanish, Quechua, and Aymara. Official religion: Roman Catholic. Currency: nuevo sol. Capital: Lima. Pop: 29 849 303 (2013 est). Area: 1 285 215 sq km (496 222 sq miles)

Pe•ru

(pəˈru)

n.
a republic in W South America. 26,624,582; 496,222 sq. mi. (1,285,215 sq. km.) Cap.: Lima.
Spanish, Pe•rú (pɛˈru)
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Peru - a republic in western South AmericaPeru - a republic in western South America; achieved independence from Spain in 1821; was the heart of the Inca empire from the 12th to 16th centuries
Sendero Luminoso, Shining Path, SL - a terrorist group formed in Peru in the late 1960s as a splinter group from the communist party of Peru; is among the most ruthless guerilla organizations in the world; seeks to destroy Peruvian institutions and replace them with a Maoist peasant regime; is involved in the cocaine trade; "Shining Path has been responsible for 30,000 deaths"
Movimiento Revolucionario Tupac Anaru, MRTA, Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement - a Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization in Peru; was formed in 1983 to overthrow the Peruvian government and replace it with a Marxist regime; has connections with the ELN in Bolivia
OAS, Organization of American States - an association including most countries in the western hemisphere; created in 1948 to promote military and economic and social and cultural cooperation
Inka, Inca - the small group of Quechua living in the Cuzco Valley in Peru who established hegemony over their neighbors in order to create an empire that lasted from about 1100 until the Spanish conquest in the early 1530s
Arequipa - a city in southern Peru founded in 1540 on the site of an ancient Inca city
capital of Peru, Lima - capital and largest city and economic center of Peru; located in western Peru; was capital of the Spanish empire in the New World until the 19th century
Machu Picchu - Inca fortress city in the Andes in Peru discovered in 1911; it may have been built in the 15th century
El Misti - the world's 2nd largest active volcano; located in the Andes in southern Peru
Huainaputina - an inactive volcano in the Andes in southern Peru; last erupted in 1783
Amazon River, Amazon - a major South American river; arises in the Andes and flows eastward into the South Atlantic; the world's 2nd longest river (4000 miles)
Andes - a mountain range in South America running 5000 miles along the Pacific coast
Coropuna - a mountain peak in the Andes in Peru (21,083 feet high)
Huascaran - a mountain in the Andes in Peru (22,205 feet high)
South America - a continent in the western hemisphere connected to North America by the Isthmus of Panama
Yerupaja - a mountain peak in the Andes in Peru (21,709 feet high)
Peruvian - a native or inhabitant of Peru
Translations
Peru
Peru
Peru
Peru
Peru
ペルー
페루
Peru
Peru
ประเทศเปรู
nước Peru

Peru

[pəˈruː] NPerú m

Peru

[pəˈruː] nPérou m

Peru

nPeru nt

Peru

[pəˈruː] nPerù m

Peru

بِيرُو Peru Peru Peru Περού Perú Peru Pérou Peru Perù ペルー 페루 Peru Peru Peru Peru Перу Peru ประเทศเปรู Peru nước Peru 秘鲁
References in classic literature ?
He had the mysterious juruparis of the Rio Negro Indians, that women are not allowed to look at and that even youths may not see till they have been subjected to fasting and scourging, and the earthen jars of the Peruvians that have the shrill cries of birds, and flutes of human bones such as Alfonso de Ovalle heard in Chile, and the sonorous green jaspers that are found near Cuzco and give forth a note of singular sweetness.
Probably the mother during an important interval was sailing down the Peruvian coast, when earthquakes caused the beach to gape.
And Saxon, back in her own kitchen and preparing supper for Billy, wondered what lusts and rapacities had led the old, burnt-faced woman from the big Peruvian ranch, through all the world, to West Oakland and Barry Higgins Old Barry was not the sort who would fling away his share of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars, much less ever attain to such opulence.
That's the rifle I used against the Peruvian slave-drivers three years ago.
Ah, that boy will find out some Bavarian or Peruvian princess; he will want a crown and an immense fortune.
He joined the crew of the American frigate United States, which reached Boston, stopping on the way at one of the Peruvian ports, in October of 1844.
d'Orbigny, is common to all the species of the genus; it is very useful to the Peruvian Indians, who use the dung for fuel, and are thus saved the trouble of collecting it.
It's nothing of the sort -- it's a Peruvian candlestick.
Some people, however indifferent they may become after a considerable space of absence, always contrive to leave a pleasant impression just at parting; not so Hunsden, a conference with him affected one like a draught of Peruvian bark; it seemed a concentration of the specially harsh, stringent, bitter; whether, like bark, it invigorated, I scarcely knew.
Rather than focus on transnational mobility alone, in Mobile Selves, the author adroitly weaves together the histories and experiences of both internal and external migration of Peruvians, and how both processes are intimately tied to Peruvians' particular understandings of race, class, and social mobility.
He comments: "Part of our responsibility is to ensure we have a product that is representative of Peru and this is why we have Peruvians on the team.
He said the Kimse Yok Mu foundation had won the hearts of Peruvians with its efforts to aid the country.