Address for correspondence: Heli Harvala, NHS Blood and Transplant, Microbiology Services, Colindale, London NW9 5BG, UK; email: email@example.com; Peter Simmonds, University of Oxford, Nuffield Department of Medicine, Peter Medawar
Building, South Parks Rd, Oxford OX1 3SY, UK; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Sir Peter Medawar
, a British pioneer in aging research in the 1940s, described aging as an "unsolved problem of biology." Medawar proposed that some genetic mutations only have deleterious effects late in life and are not "selected out" by evolution, as evolution is concerned primarily with reproductive fitness and not necessarily with the prolongation of life.
We find a similar view in the writings of Sir Peter Medawar
, a British biologist and Nobel Laureate who championed the public engagement of science (4):
Many examples validate this fact, such as Hassan Kamel Sabbah, Carlos Slim, Carlos Ghosn, Elie Saab, Peter Medawar
, the surgeon Michael Debakey, Nassim Taleb, Amal Alameddine, Salma Hayek, along with all the young Lebanese inventors and innovators spreading around the world.
Mistakes that cause trouble late in life, however, can be almost impossible to purge, argued the late zoologist Sir Peter Medawar
, a Nobel laureate who titled his autobiography Memoir of a Thinking Radish.
Sir Peter Medawar
in his book Advice to the Young Scientist described scientific life as "rather passionate" (7).
The second chapter in this section explores the relationship between metaphysics and morality (particularly in the political realm) in Teilhard's thought, and the third defends him from the critiques raised by Sir Peter Medawar
, the mid-century British-Brazilian Nobel Prize-winning biologist and atheist.
In this regard a comment by the biologist Peter Medawar
is appropriate: "Theories are repaired more often than they are refuted." (22)
Auburn: Bashir Awan, Nicole Bigelow, Ryan Carrier, Jonathan Corbin, Tara Cordone, Ashley Daigneault, Amanda Dulmaine, Michael Kelley, Elizabeth Kennedy, Jennifer Lyford, Kristin Lyons, Andrew MacDonald, Theresa Mackin, Peter Medawar
, Aaron Orsi, Casey Phillips, Erin Roche, Christopher Schroeder, Kayla Scott, Rosan Synal, Amanda Thibodeau, Thoa Thi Tran, Jessica Venuti, Liana Williams, Anna Yetkie
But as Nobel laureate Peter Medawar
has pointed out, the utopian impulse has manifest itself as a strongly "audacious and irreverent" cultural force since the fifteenth century, as Renaissance thinking and modern science have enlarged the scope of human powers and as secular regimes have displaced ecclesiastical authority.