petroleum

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Related to Petro-diesel: diesel oil

pe·tro·le·um

 (pə-trō′lē-əm)
n.
A thick, flammable, yellow-to-black mixture of gaseous, liquid, and solid hydrocarbons that occurs naturally beneath the earth's surface, can be separated into fractions including natural gas, gasoline, naphtha, kerosene, fuel and lubricating oils, paraffin wax, and asphalt and is used as raw material for a wide variety of derivative products.

[Middle English, from Medieval Latin petrōleum : Latin petra, rock; see petrous + Latin ōleum, oil; see oil.]

petroleum

(pəˈtrəʊlɪəm)
n
(Elements & Compounds) a dark-coloured thick flammable crude oil occurring in sedimentary rocks around the Persian Gulf, in parts of North and South America, and below the North Sea, consisting mainly of hydrocarbons. Fractional distillation separates the crude oil into petrol, paraffin, diesel oil, lubricating oil, etc. Fuel oil, paraffin wax, asphalt, and carbon black are extracted from the residue
[C16: from Medieval Latin, from Latin petra stone + oleum oil]

pe•tro•le•um

(pəˈtroʊ li əm)

n.
an oily, thick, flammable, usu. dark-colored liquid that is a form of bitumen or a mixture of various hydrocarbons, occurring naturally and commonly obtained by drilling: used as fuel, or separated by distillation into gasoline, naphtha, benzene, kerosene, paraffin, etc.
[1520–30; < Medieval Latin: literally, rock oil = Latin petr(a) rock (< Greek pétra) + oleum oil]
pe•tro′le•ous, adj.

pe·tro·le·um

(pə-trō′lē-əm)
A thick, black to yellow, flammable liquid mixture of hydrocarbons. Petroleum occurs naturally, mainly below the Earth's surface, and is believed to originate from the accumulated remains of ancient plants and animals. It is the source of petrochemicals and is used to make gasoline, lubricating oils, plastics, and many other products.

petroleum

Mineral oil composed of hydrocarbons formed in the Earth’s crust.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.petroleum - a dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbonspetroleum - a dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbons
atomic number 6, carbon, C - an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds
fossil fuel - fuel consisting of the remains of organisms preserved in rocks in the earth's crust with high carbon and hydrogen content
oil - a slippery or viscous liquid or liquefiable substance not miscible with water
resid, residual oil - oil products that remain after petroleum has been distilled
Translations
نفطنَفْط، بِتْرول
petroli
ropanafta
råolie
maaöljyraakaöljy
nafta
kõolaj
jarî-/hráolía
petroleum
nafta
ropa
nafta
petroleum

petroleum

[pɪˈtrəʊlɪəm]
A. Npetróleo m
B. CPD petroleum jelly Nvaselina f
petroleum products NPLderivados mpl del petróleo

petroleum

[pəˈtrəʊliəm] npétrole mpetroleum jelly nVaseline® fpetrol gauge n [car] → jauge f d'essence

petroleum

nPetroleum nt

petroleum

:
petroleum ether
nPetroläther m
petroleum jelly
nVaselin nt, → Vaseline f
petroleum refinery

petroleum

[pɪˈtrəʊlɪəm] npetrolio

petrol

(ˈpetrəl) noun
(American gas or gasoline) a liquid got from petroleum, used as fuel for motor cars etc. I'll stop at the next garage and buy more petrol; (also adjective) a petrol engine.
petroleum (pəˈtrəuliəm) noun
oil in its raw, unrefined form, which is found in natural wells below the earth's surface and from which petrol, paraffin etc are obtained.
petroleum jelly
a soft substance got from petroleum, used eg in ointments.
petrol pump (American gasoline pump)
an apparatus at a petrol station which pumps petrol into cars etc, and which measures the amount of petrol it pumps.
petrol station (especially American filling stationor informally gas station)
a garage where petrol is sold.

petroleum

n petróleo; — jelly vaselina, petrolato
References in periodicals archive ?
From Table 2 it has observed that all the values of parameters of biodiesel are compatible with the properties of Petro-diesel as prescribed through American Society of Testing Materials (ASTM) standards [18].
The 53 papers discuss such matters as modeling operating modes of centrifugal pumps, replaceable hydraulic parts in spiral volute pumps, solutions for increasing the bearing capacity of thrust bearings, the lubrication regimes of mechanical face seals, elastic bellows prepared by selective laser sintering, and damping self-excited pressure pulsations in a petro-diesel pipeline.
The calorific value of the catalytically and thermally obtained biodiesels is 37 and 34 Mj/kg, respectively which is close to 100% petro-diesel (42 Mj/kg).
Moreover, biodiesel is a clean fuel having no sulphur emissions and lower heat of combustion than petro-diesel (Srivastava and Prasad 2000).
Currently, world primary energy demand of petroleum is 35% which is fulfilled by petro-diesel.
The Chinese gasoline (petrol), petro-diesel and biodiesel distributor will sell to institutional investors an aggregate of 3,453,572 common shares at USD7.
Theoretically, bio-diesel produced from algae appears to be the only feasible solution today for replacing petro-diesel completely.
The group said the recycled oil is virtually pollution-free and cheaper than regular petro-diesel.
Biodiesel has similar combustion properties like normal petro-diesel but has an improved lubricity," reads a statement from O & L.
CBEH's biodiesel can be used as a complete substitute for petro-diesel or can be blended with petro-diesel.