brown algae

(redirected from Phaeophyte)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

brown algae

pl n
(Plants) any algae of the phylum Phaeophyta, such as the wracks and kelps, which contain a brown pigment in addition to chlorophyll

brown′ al′gae


n.pl.
any marine algae of the class Phaeophyceae, having brown pigments in addition to chlorophyll.
[1900–05]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.brown algae - algae having the chlorophyll masked by brown and yellow pigments
alga, algae - primitive chlorophyll-containing mainly aquatic eukaryotic organisms lacking true stems and roots and leaves
class Phaeophyceae, Phaeophyceae - brown algae; mostly marine and littoral eukaryotic algae
kelp - large brown seaweeds having fluted leathery fronds
fucoid algae, fucoid - any of various algae of the family Fucaceae
rockweed - coarse brown seaweed growing on rocks exposed at low tide
Fucus serratus, serrated wrack, tang - brown algae seaweed with serrated edges
gulfweed, sargasso, sargassum, Sargassum bacciferum - brown algae with rounded bladders forming dense floating masses in tropical Atlantic waters as in the Sargasso Sea
References in periodicals archive ?
The largest phaeophyte genera in Galapagos, specifically Sargassum and Eisenia, can attain lengths of over one meter (Garske, 2002; Graham et al.
At the semipolluted site (S2), two species dominated, the phaeophyte Dictyota dichotoma and the rhodophyte Corallina elongata.
vesiculosus horizon is that formed by the phaeophyte Ascophyllum nodosum, and below the F.
In the Mediterranean there is a zone dominated by other species of Cystoseira, members of the order Dictyotales (another order of phaeophytes) and by Halopteris scoparia (a phaeophyte of the order Sphacelariales).
This is with the addition of eight chlorophytes, one chrysophyte (a macroscopic tubicolus diatom species), two phaeophytes and five rhodophytes (Table 1).
The major difference between the molecular and morphological based phylogenies is the clustering of eustigmatophytes and xanthophytes with the separation of phaeophytes and xanthophytes in trees inferred from ultrastructure similarities.