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 (fā′lănj′, fə-lănj′)

[French, from Old French, body of infantrymen, from Latin, from Greek phalanx, phalang-, log, battle array, bone between the finger and toe joints; see phalanx.]


n, pl phalanges (fæˈlændʒiːz)
(Anatomy) anatomy another name for phalanx5
[C16: via French, ultimately from Greek phalanx]


(ˈfeɪ læŋks, ˈfæl æŋks)

n., pl. pha•lanx•es for 1-6, pha•lan•ges (fəˈlæn dʒiz for 7.)
1. (in ancient Greece) a group of heavily armed infantry formed in ranks and files close and deep, with shields joined and long spears overlapping.
2. any body of troops in close array.
3. a number of persons united for a common purpose.
4. a compact or closely massed body of persons, animals, or things.
5. (in Fourierism) a group of about 1800 persons, living together and holding their property in common.
6. any of the bones of the fingers or toes.
[1545–55; < Latin < Greek phálanx military formation, bone of finger or toe, wooden roller]


[ˈfælændʒ] Nfalange f
the Phalange (in Spain) → la Falange
References in periodicals archive ?
During Lebanon's Civil War (1975-90) it wasn't unusual for gunmen to seize precious objects by force and correspondence from the "Bogdanos Bull's Head Case Exhibits" -- a dossier of all the publicized court evidence -- suggests the storeroom was attacked by armed Phalangists.
2) Students simply aren't aware of the existence of armed Christian militia in the Arab world (admittedly in the past moreso than in present), and they are all the more surprised that these militia espoused an explicitly fascist ideology and named themselves -- the Phalangists -- after Spanish fascists.
After the Palestinian fighters left Lebanon, the Phalangists had their opportunity to take revenge on old people, women and children.
And just as the Spanish Civil War attracted idealist volunteers from all over the Euro-American world -- who joined the mostly American, the 3,000-strong Lincoln Brigade, whose volunteers fought on the Republican side in defence of the democratically-elected government and against the Phalangists led by Francisco Franco -- so did the Great Revolt attract countless young Arabs from the surrounding countries who fought for Palestinian independence and against British colonial rule.
Some 30 years later, four of her eight sons disappeared during the infamous 1982 massacre in Lebanon's Sabra and Shatila camps, where thousands of Palestinians and Lebanese Shiite Muslims were killed by Lebanese Christian Phalangists.
Members of Marine Le Pen's National Front (FN) in France fought on the side of the Phalangists during the civil war, and Lebanon's various parties and militants have always drawn support from outside actors.
Hezbollah's 1985 manifesto listed its objectives as the expulsion of "the Americans, the French and their allies definitely from Lebanon, putting an end to any colonialist entity on our land", submission of the Phalangists to "just power" and bringing them to justice "for the crimes they have perpetrated against Muslims and Christians", and permitting "all the sons of our people" to choose the form of government they want, while calling on them to "pick the option of Islamic government".
And, worst of all, in order to induce the Palestinians to flee, Sharon let the barbarous Christian Phalangists into the Palestinian refugee camps Sabra and Shatila, where they committed a terrible massacre.
In the days between September 16-18, 1982, as Israeli troops completely besieged the camps, the Phalangists entered the area and carried out a massacre that gruesomely defined both the Lebanese civil war and the Israeli invasion, killing thousands of Palestinian refugees, mostly butchered with knives, but also gunned down.
As defense minister, he led Israel's 1982 invasion of Lebanon, and was forced to resign the post after a commission of inquiry found him responsible for failing to prevent the massacre by Christian Phalangists of Palestinian refugees in Beirut's Sabra and Shatilla camps.
The massacre was carried out by hundreds of Christian Lebanese Phalangists with the direct aid of Israeli army forces, which sealed the camps during the slaughter and provided auxiliary assistance.
Falk summarizes the report by saying that "at the end of the Report the IDF is praised, the Phalangists censured, and the Palestinians held responsible for their own tragic fate" (1984, 323).