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 (fā′lănj′, fə-lănj′)

[French, from Old French, body of infantrymen, from Latin, from Greek phalanx, phalang-, log, battle array, bone between the finger and toe joints; see phalanx.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


n, pl phalanges (fæˈlændʒiːz)
(Anatomy) anatomy another name for phalanx5
[C16: via French, ultimately from Greek phalanx]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈfeɪ læŋks, ˈfæl æŋks)

n., pl. pha•lanx•es for 1-6, pha•lan•ges (fəˈlæn dʒiz for 7.)
1. (in ancient Greece) a group of heavily armed infantry formed in ranks and files close and deep, with shields joined and long spears overlapping.
2. any body of troops in close array.
3. a number of persons united for a common purpose.
4. a compact or closely massed body of persons, animals, or things.
5. (in Fourierism) a group of about 1800 persons, living together and holding their property in common.
6. any of the bones of the fingers or toes.
[1545–55; < Latin < Greek phálanx military formation, bone of finger or toe, wooden roller]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


[ˈfælændʒ] Nfalange f
the Phalange (in Spain) → la Falange
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The Phalangists took immediate revenge, killing 30 Palestinians aboard a bus passing through Ain Al Rummaneh.
Various forces -- Israeli, Phalangists and possibly also the South Lebanon Army (SLA) -- were in the vicinity of Sabra and Shatila at the time of the slaughter, taking advantage of the fact that the Multinational Force had removed barracks and mines that had encircled Beirut's predominantly Muslim neighborhoods and kept the Israelis at bay during the Beirut siege.
During Lebanon's Civil War (1975-90) it wasn't unusual for gunmen to seize precious objects by force and correspondence from the "Bogdanos Bull's Head Case Exhibits" -- a dossier of all the publicized court evidence -- suggests the storeroom was attacked by armed Phalangists.
After the Palestinian fighters left Lebanon, the Phalangists had their opportunity to take revenge on old people, women and children.
Some 30 years later, four of her eight sons disappeared during the infamous 1982 massacre in Lebanon's Sabra and Shatila camps, where thousands of Palestinians and Lebanese Shiite Muslims were killed by Lebanese Christian Phalangists. Their bodies were never recovered, and three decades on, Aziz is still waiting for their return.
Members of Marine Le Pen's National Front (FN) in France fought on the side of the Phalangists during the civil war, and Lebanon's various parties and militants have always drawn support from outside actors.
Hezbollah's 1985 manifesto listed its objectives as the expulsion of "the Americans, the French and their allies definitely from Lebanon, putting an end to any colonialist entity on our land", submission of the Phalangists to "just power" and bringing them to justice "for the crimes they have perpetrated against Muslims and Christians", and permitting "all the sons of our people" to choose the form of government they want, while calling on them to "pick the option of Islamic government".
And, worst of all, in order to induce the Palestinians to flee, Sharon let the barbarous Christian Phalangists into the Palestinian refugee camps Sabra and Shatila, where they committed a terrible massacre.
As defense minister, he led Israel's 1982 invasion of Lebanon, and was forced to resign the post after a commission of inquiry found him responsible for failing to prevent the massacre by Christian Phalangists of Palestinian refugees in Beirut's Sabra and Shatilla camps.
After the Israeli Defence Force had surrounded the Palestinian refugee camps of Sabra and Shatila, and after the Christian Lebanese Phalangists moved in to massacre people, a Swiss Red Cross delegate and I were assigned to organise the identification and the burial of the 328 bodies we were able to find in the camps.
However, some sources say that most of the winners were supporters of Sami Gemayel and they claim that Nadim Gemayel's followers were dismissed, something which raised the ire of the young MP whose father, Bashir Gemayel, is still remembered by many Phalangists.