But this equates the ordinary phalangite
with the more prestigious hypaspist, and ignores the time gap between that legal agreement and the situation in Arr.
The Ten Thousand, then, really were a precursor to Alexander, who crushed his enemies at four set-pieces with phalangites
, but who also got to those battlefields only through the use of almost every other type of troops imaginable.
Although this was formally a defeat for the Spartan forces under King Leonidas, the battle constituted a massive morale victory for the Greeks, and the following year the army Xerxes had left behind in Greece was decisively defeated in a pitched battle at Plataea, principally at the hands of the drilled and disciplined Spartan hoplite phalangites
(heavy infantry) commanded by the Spartan regent Pausanias.