(13) The phanariot
ruler of Wallachia between 1802 and 1806.
We thus make reference to the French influence, foreshadowed during the Phanariot
period, and the English influence as an effect of globalization.
February 1799, Paul I wrote that Phanariot
's reign on the islands
At first, the court marshal Andronache Tuzluc is a "phanariot
" and "as all phanariots
he had been born with a great talent for machination and flattery." He has a rapid ascension due to Princess Ralu.
Despite its prosopographical aspects, the book is not a comprehensive social or political history of the Phanariots
. Central to the narrative is Stephanos Vogorides [1770-1859], a "second-tier" Phanariot
who came from a Hellenized Bulgarian family, attended school in Bucharest, and was socialized into the Phanariot
administrative network in Moldavia-Wallachia.
Mosques replaced the churches, Arabic the Cyrillic script, and if Orthodoxy was practised, it had to be in Phanariot
Philliou, Christine, "Communities on the Verge: Unraveling the Phanariot
Ascendancy in Ottoman Governance", Comparative Studies in Society and History, 51, 2009, ss.151-181.
Ghica: "Especially the Mosnens from Campulung lived from bad to worse, most of all when the strangers from the other side of Danube came and sit in the time of Phanariot
regime when the prescriptions of royal decrees weren't taken in count anymore; those decrees absolutely forbid the wealth alienation of village community towards strangers to community, even if they were Romanian people or foreign people, chancellors or particulars, clergymen or laymen" (Anastasescu, 1909).
By the beginning of the nineteenth century, the progressive disintegration of the Ottoman Empire prompted a condescending observation from the French ambassador in Constantinople: "To make an alliance with Turkey is the same as putting your arms around a corpse to make it stand up!" Phanariot
Greeks dominated a weak central government, and together with the patriarch and the largely Greek upper clergy ineffectively ruled resentful Christian populations throughout the Balkans.
For instance, terms like "Phanariot
" (the aristocratic Greeks deputized by the Ottomans to rule in certain European provinces) are not fully defined.
In Mani, we are treated to a spectacular digression on two kinds of hats, the gudjaman and the ishlik, both worn by Phanariot
hospodars in the Danubian principalities of the Ottoman Empire.