4:18); and wealthy Philemon's salvation (a symbolic good because it is only an assurance of a promise yet to be realized) indebts him deeply to Paul, the poor prisoner who expects to receive the services of Philemon's Onesimus as partial repayment (Philem.
2a) and the permissibility of women's ordination to a diaconate distinct from the order of widows (1 Tim.
He dictated them to a secretary--in Romans 16:22 the scribe actually gives himself a plug: "I, Tertius, the writer of this letter." Only on occasion would Paul himself take up a pen, or stylus: "I, Paul, am writing this with my own hand" (Philem.
24, and named only in two of Newman's sermons but never in their titles.
1:10-11), and several were engaged in work as artisans and day labourers (Eph.
Friendship patronage also accounts for Paul's financial dealings with Philemon (promising to pay for losses Onesimus has caused; expecting Philemon to host Paul as a guest: Philem.
17, 22) and Lydia (to whose insistence that Paul's team lodge in her home he submits after she has become a believer: Acts 16:2), on behalf of Phoebe (who has been his benefactor: Rom.