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Related to Philip II: Philip III
Philip II 1382-336 bc.
King of Macedon (359-336) who defeated a Greek coalition at Chaeronea (338) and achieved a peace settlement in which all the states except Sparta participated. He was succeeded by his son Alexander the Great.
Philip II 21527-1598.
King of Spain (1556-1598), of Naples and Sicily (1554-1598), and of Portugal (1580-1598) as Philip I. His reign was marked by colonization of the Philippine Islands (which were named for him) and the defeat of the Spanish Armada (1588) after an unsuccessful attempt to invade England.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
1. (Biography) 382–336 bc, king of Macedonia (359–336); the father of Alexander the Great
2. (Biography) known as Philip Augustus. 1165–1223, Capetian king of France (1180–1223); set out on the Third Crusade with Richard I of England (1190)
3. (Biography) 1527–98, king of Spain (1556–98) and, as Philip I, king of Portugal (1580–98); the husband of Mary I of England (1554–58). He championed the Counter-Reformation, sending the Armada against England (1588)
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|Noun||1.||Philip II - son of Louis VII whose reign as king of France saw wars with the English that regained control of Normandy and Anjou and most of Poitou (1165-1223)|
|2.||Philip II - king of ancient Macedonia and father of Alexander the Great (382-336 BC)|
|3.||Philip II - king of Spain and Portugal and husband of Mary I; he supported the Counter Reformation and sent the Spanish Armada to invade England (1527-1598)|
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