Philip II

Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Philip II: Philip III

Philip II 1

382-336 bc.
King of Macedon (359-336) who defeated a Greek coalition at Chaeronea (338) and achieved a peace settlement in which all the states except Sparta participated. He was succeeded by his son Alexander the Great.

Philip II 2

King of Spain (1556-1598), of Naples and Sicily (1554-1598), and of Portugal (1580-1598) as Philip I. His reign was marked by colonization of the Philippine Islands (which were named for him) and the defeat of the Spanish Armada (1588) after an unsuccessful attempt to invade England.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Philip II

1. (Biography) 382–336 bc, king of Macedonia (359–336); the father of Alexander the Great
2. (Biography) known as Philip Augustus. 1165–1223, Capetian king of France (1180–1223); set out on the Third Crusade with Richard I of England (1190)
3. (Biography) 1527–98, king of Spain (1556–98) and, as Philip I, king of Portugal (1580–98); the husband of Mary I of England (1554–58). He championed the Counter-Reformation, sending the Armada against England (1588)
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Philip II - son of Louis VII whose reign as king of France saw wars with the English that regained control of Normandy and Anjou and most of Poitou (1165-1223)Philip II - son of Louis VII whose reign as king of France saw wars with the English that regained control of Normandy and Anjou and most of Poitou (1165-1223)
2.Philip II - king of ancient Macedonia and father of Alexander the Great (382-336 BC)
3.Philip II - king of Spain and Portugal and husband of Mary I; he supported the Counter Reformation and sent the Spanish Armada to invade England (1527-1598)
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in classic literature ?
So likewise the witch Duessa is both Papal Falsehood and Mary Queen of Scots; Prince Arthur both Magnificence and (with sorry inappropriateness) the Earl of Leicester; and others of the characters stand with more or less consistency for such actual persons as Philip II of Spain, Henry IV of France, and Spenser's chief, Lord Grey.
Furthermore, Philip II took to having the original Mexican paintings cut out from the volumes in order to adorn his chambers, or to give away as gifts.
After Bosch's death, a large portion of his work, including the famous Garden of Earthly Delight, was brought to Spain by Philip II.
According to Feros, the relationship between Philip II and his favorite, Cristobal de Moura, was not so different than that of Philip III and Lerma.
The son of Philip II by his first wife, Mary of Portugal, Don Carlos was mentally and physically unsound and was subject to fits of maniacal rage.
If the letter is genuine and the context fits, it could have been written at the start of 1556, when Charles V was negotiating the treaty of Vaucelles and handing over the crown of Spain to his son, Philip II. Bryson argues elsewhere that the repetition of phrases from the Valiant letters in other correspondence and propaganda published by the queen su pports authenticity, but a skilful forger might have used available contemporary material to lend credibility to his work.
It is worth noting here that the cameo of Charles V and Philip Ii cut by Leoni, which is fully documented in a letter of 1550 as cited by Venturelli (57), is not lost, as she states, but rather survives in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Truman, Spanish Treatises on Government, Society and Religion in the Time of Philip II
It appears in the wake of the numerous reassessments of Philip II's policymaking during the recent 400th anniversary of his death and the general rehabilitation of Philip III and his court by scholars of the period.